Poetry Terms
General Lit Terms
Syntax
Style
Figurative Language
100
the narrative voice of the poem.
What is the speaker?
100
the emotional quality of a passage or the perceived attitude of a speaker towards a thing or idea in the text.
What is tone?
100
the main idea or most important point in a sentence. Its position may be varied for effect.
What is climax?
100
ridiculing to show weakness in order to make a point, teach.
What is satirical?
100
a basic comparison of two generally unlike things that produced insight.
What is metaphor?
200
a combination of sounds that produces a harsh or discordant effect.
What is cacophony?
200
the author's choice of words based on their exact or connotative meaning for effect.
What is diction?
200
the rhythm or "music" of a sentence that come through parallel elements and repetition.
What is cadence?
200
instructive; author attempts to educate or instruct the reader.
What is didactic?
200
an elaborate simile that compares an ordinary event or situation with the more complex idea in the text that is often recognized by the use of "just as, so then."
What is an epic or Homeric simile?
300
the repetition of vowel sounds: “which din dims the light.”
What is assonance?
300
what a word suggests beyond its denotative (precise or dictionary) meaning, including social or emotional connections.
What is connotation?
300
the pace or speed of a sentence (or group of sentences) that comes through a variety of means, such as length of words, number of words, omission of words or punctuation, etc.
What is narrative pace?
300
serious in purpose and convention (no slang, contractions; no idioms).
What is formal?
300
a figure of speech in which some significant aspect of an experience is used to represent the whole experience.
What is metonymy?
400
the speaker addresses something or someone that cannot answer, something nonliving or inanimate.
What is apostrophe?
400
a clever little story; a short account of an interesting situation relevant to the text and used as example.
What is an anecdote?
400
what we call a sentence where the most important idea comes first and the rest of the sentence unfolds easily after that (revealing information not critical to the climax).
What is a loose sentence?
400
short, to the point.
What is terse?
400
an elaborate, intellectually ingenious metaphor that shows the poet's realm of knowledge; it may be brief or extended.
What is a metaphysical conceit (or simply conceit, for short)?
500
represented by a two syllable foot that contains one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.
What is iambic meter?
500
a moment of insight, spiritual or personal; a character's sudden revelation about life or his or her own circumstances.
What is epiphany?
500
this type of sentence construction (or even paragraph construction) contains balanced grammatical structures that provide similar rhetorical value.
What is parallel sentence or parallel structure?
500
learned, polished, scholarly.
What is erudite?
500
a short quotation or verse that precedes a poem (or any text) to set the tone, provide a setting, or give other context for the poem.
What is an epigram?
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