A
B
C
D
E
100

___________ is the layer of air that surrounds and protects the Earth

The atmosphere

100
Instrument used to measure humidity

hydrometer

100

• It protects the Earth from radiation from 

the Sun.

•  It protects the Earth from space objects 

such as meteoroids.

•  It contains the oxygen we need to survive.

•  It regulates the temperature of the Earth.

•  It regulates the Earth’s climate and weather.

The atmosphere 

100

Instrument used to take temperature 

thermometer 

100

Instrument used to measure air pressure

barometer 

200

Instrument used to measure the speed of wind

An anemometer
200

An instrument used to measure wind direction

A wind vane

200

An instrument used to measure precipitation

rain gauge

200

What causes precipitation?

When the cloud of water droplets becomes too heavy, precipitation falls to the ground as sleet, rain, snow or hail. 

200

What are clouds?

Clouds are collections of tiny droplets of water that float in the air

300

________consists of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen and 1% of gases like carbon dioxide and water vapour

The atmosphere

300

How do clouds form?

Through a process called condensation

300

What is the difference between weather and climate?

Weather is the natural changes in the atmosphere in a certain place over a short period of time (a day or a week). 

Climate describes the general weather conditions in a certain place over a long period of time (years or decades).

300

What is a weather map?

Weather maps give us information about the weather conditions now or in the future in a particular place. 

300

What are the climate zones?

Hot climate zone, cold climate zones, temperate climate zones. 

400

How many main types of climate are there in Spain?

Six types of climate: Oceanic, Mountain, Continental, Mediterranean, Subtropical, and Continental-Mediterranean  

400

What is the climate like in Andalucia? 

Mediterranean, Continental-Mediterranean, and Mountain climates. 

400
Describe some of the vegetation found in Andalucia.

• Typical vegetation of the coastal regions of Andalucía includes bushes, such as rosemary and rock rose, or trees, such as pine and fan palm.

•  The continental Mediterranean regions have holm oak trees, cork oak trees and olive trees. Bushes include rock rose and heather.

•  The high mountain regions in Andalucía are sparse because of the altitude. Lower areas have pine and fir trees.

400

What is the cutting down of forests, leading to more greenhouse gases? 

Deforestation 

400

Extreme weather conditions, melting ice caps, and rising sea level are all what?

Impacts of climate change 
500

What influences climate?

Latitude, altitude, distance from the ocean, relief, and winds. 
500

__________ is on the Equator. (This is a place.)

Quito, Ecuador 

500

This place in China is the farthest point from any body of water.

The Gurbantunggut Desert

500

What are some human activities that use fossil fuels?

Producing energy for industry, farming, and our homes. 
500

Human activities contribute to _________. Due to more greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the greenhouse effect causes the Earth’s temperature to rise causing _________.

Climate change

Click to zoom