Atmosphere
Properties or Air
Heat Transfer
Clouds
Air Masses
Fronts
Streams & Currents
Grab Bag
100

What root word means "changing"?

"Tropo"

100

Which property of air is measured by how much water vapor is in the air?

Humidity

100

What method of heat transfer is transferred by direct contact with an object

Conduction

100

What cloud is formed at ground level?

100

Where do Continental air masses form? Maritime?

Continental- land

Maritime- ocean

100

What is the front when a cold air mass & a warm air mass meet, but neither are strong enough the move the other?

Stationary Front

100

Which type of Ocean current is driven by density

Deep Ocean Currents

100

What is the mixture of gasses that surround the planet called?

Atmosphere

200

What layer of the atmosphere protect the Earth's surface from getting hit by meteors?

Mesosphere

200

Which property of air is measured by how much space it takes up?

Volume

200

What is a good conductor and a good insulator?

Conductor- Metal

Insulator- Air

200

What step of The Water Cycle do clouds form in?

Condensation

200

Which air mass is formed over land, but is VERY cold

Continental Arctic 

200

Which front is when a warm air mass moves over a cold air mass?

Warm Front

200

What Global Winds would you find near the equator?

Trade Winds

200

What are temperatures like above and below the Jet Stream?

Above: Cold

Below: Warm

300

What layer of the atmosphere contains Aurora Borealis?

Thermosphere

300

What does the ozone layer protect us from?

UV radiation

300

What method of heat transfer is boiling water an example of?

Convection

300

What are flat bottom, big puffy, dark clouds that bring rain

Cumulonimbus

300

What air mass is characterized by being humid and cold

Maritime Polar

300

Fill in the blank: Air moves from an area of _____ pressure to _____ pressure.

high; low

300

What bring unusually cooler Pacific Ocean temperatures and a more active hurricane season?

La Nina

300

What is the step in The Water Cycle where water turns from a liquid to a gas?

Evaporation

400

What layer of the atmosphere lies below the Mesosphere?

Stratosphere

400

What are the 2 major gasses that make up earths atmosphere & their percentages?

Nitrogen- 78%

Oxygen- 21%

400

What method of heat transfer is the only method that doesn't require a medium?

Radiation

400

Which clouds are high elevation, wispy clouds?

Cirrus

400

What air mass is characterized by being dry and warm

Continental Tropical

400

What is the front when a warm air mass is caught between two colder air masses?

Occluded Front 

400

What causes the wind and water to move Clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and Counter Clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere?

The Coriolis Effect 

400

Fill in the blank: ______ air rises and _____ air sinks.

hot; cold

500

What layer of the atmosphere contains the ionosphere?

Thermosphere

500

Which property of air is measured by how quickly molecules are moving?

Temperature

500

What method of heat transfer moves through a medium like air or water?

Convection

500

What are low level clouds that spread out, covering a large area.

Stratus

500

What two things air masses are characterized by

Temperature and Moisture 

500

Which front moves quickly and can bring heavy rain and snow?

Cold Front

500

What is a warm current in the Atlantic Ocean that brings warm temperatures to Europe

The Gulf Stream

500

Explain 1 different between weather and climate

Weather: short period of time, quickly changing, small geographical area.

Climate: long term behavior, slowly changing, large geographical area.

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