Atmosphere
Winds
Weather/Climate
Water Cycle
Mixed
100


When air warms up, it causes water vapor to form. The amount of water vapor in the atmosphere is called

A. dew point.

B. air pressure.

C. humidity.

D. clouds.

 


C. humidity.

100


_________________ often come off of oceans and effectively cool the surrounding area during the day.

  • A. Radiation
  • B. High pressure fronts
  • C. Breezes
  • D. Snow
  • C. Breezes
100

_________________ changes from day to day, while ____________ changes from region to region.

  • A. Atmosphere, wind
  • B. Climate, weather
  • C. Wind, atmosphere
  • D. Weather, climate
  • D. Weather, climate
100


During the water cycle, the sun's energy evaporates water from the surface of Earth. This water is the source of

  • A. respiration.
  • B. precipitation.
  • C. ozone depletion.
  • D. transpiration.
  • B. precipitation.
100


When the sun heats up the surface of a puddle of water, the water

  • A. evaporates.
  • B. precipitates.
  • C. infiltrates.
  • D. condenses
  • A. evaporates.
200

Take a deep breath in, take a deep breath out. Most of the gas that just passed through your mouth was

A. Nitrogen

B. Oxygen

C. Water Vapor

D. Carbon Dioxide 

A. Nitrogen

200

What causes wind?

A. 

sun heats Earth unevenly -> temperature differences -> pressure differences -> wind

200


The difference between weather and climate is




  • A. a measure of time.
  • B. the relative amount of solar energy.
  • C. the position of Earth in space.
  • D. A measure of latitude
  • A. a measure of time.
200


When humans remove vegetation from an area, the water cycle is MOST directly affected in which way?

  • A. clouds in the area will increase 
  • B. runoff from the area will decrease 
  • C. precipitation in the area will increase 
  • D. evaporation in the area will decrease  
  • D. evaporation in the area will decrease  
200


This is the liquid water component of the Earth. It includes the oceans, seas, lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. It covers about 70% of the surface of the Earth and is the home for many plants and animals.

A. Hydrosphere

B. Lithosphere

C. Geosphere

D. Atmosphere

A. Hydrosphere

300


Weather systems and fronts develop and travel through the ________________ section of the atmosphere.

  • A. mesosphere
  • B. troposphere
  • C. stratosphere
  • D. thermosphere

 

B. troposphere

300




Based on the information in the weather map, which direction will the wind move?


  • A. west to east  
  • B. south to north  
  • C. east to west  
  • D. north to south

  • A. west to east  
300


Fog generally develops around areas that are

A. hot and dry.

B. cool and wet.

C. cool and dry.

D. hot and wet.

B. cool and wet.

300


Which sequence lists the water cycle in order?

  • A. condensation, precipitation, evaporation, runoff/storage 
  • B. condensation, runoff/storage, precipitation, evaporation 
  • C. evaporation, condensation, precipitation, runoff/storage 
  • D. condensation, evaporation, runoff/storage, precipitation
  • C. evaporation, condensation, precipitation, runoff/storage 
300




The Gulf Stream current shown here makes the waters of parts of the North Atlantic

  • A. warmer.
  • B. more dense.
  • C. less nutrient rich. 
  • D. cooler.
  • A. warmer.
400

As you travel from the surface of the earth up through the atmosphere into outer space, the gases become 

  • A. consistently lower in temperature.
  • B. more dense.
  • C. higher in temperature.
  • D. less dense.

ter space, the gases become

D. less dense.

400





Oceans, atmosphere, solar energy. The rate of evaporation depends on four main factors: water body size, heat energy, atmospheric pressure and air movement. Warm waters and high winds often result in the development of hurricanes over the world's oceans because of increased evaporation. Where, on this map, is the LEAST likely location for a hurricane to form?
  • A. ocean #5  
  • B. ocean #2  
  • C. ocean #4  
  • D. ocean #1


C. ocean #4

400


Weather patterns are caused MAINLY by the

  • A. rotation of the Earth. r
  • B. distance of the Earth’s from the Sun.
  • C. moisture in Earth's atmosphere 
  • D. gravitational pull of the Moon.  
  • E. uneven heating of the Earth
  • E. uneven heating of the Earth
400




Under drought conditions, predict a likely change in the water cycle.


  • A. water does not evaporate into air 
  • B. increased precipitation 
  • C. less groundwater accumulates 
  • D.increased run-off
  • C. less groundwater accumulates 
400


This gas is found in the stratosphere where it helps protect us from UV radiation.

A. nitrogen.

B. oxygen.

C. carbon dioxide.

D. ozone.

D. ozone.

500

Earth's rotation that causes the wind to curve and not follow a straight line is called

A. Lake Effect

B. Coriolis Effect

C. Convection Effect

D. Rotational Effect

B. Coriolis Effect



500


Winds generally move from areas of _____________ to areas of ________________.

  • At. he north to the south 
  • B. cold to hot temperatures 
  • C. high to low pressure  
  • D. low to high altitude
  • C. high to low pressure  
500


The average wind speed, humidity, and temperature of an area over an extended period of time are factors of

  • A. cold fronts.
  • B. biodiversity. 
  • C. wind currents.  
  • D. climate.
  • D. climate.
500

The first signs of drought may be observed in which part of the water cycle?

  • A. percolation  
  • B. evaporation
  • C. precipitation
  • D. runoff
  • C. precipitation
500

This gas is found in the stratosphere where it helps protect us from UV radiation.

  • A. nitrogen.
  • B. ozone.
  • C. carbon dioxide.
  • D. oxygen.
  • B. ozone.
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