Preference Assessment
Preference Assessment#2
Individualized Assessments
Functional Assessments

What are the 3 types of preference assessments? 

  • Ask 

  • Free-Operant  

    • Contrived observation 

    • Naturalistic 

  • Trial-Based

    • Single stimulus 

    • Paired stimuli 

    • Multiple stimuli 


When doing a paired stimuli preference assessment, what # of stimuli must be present? 



What do assessments determine? 

Assessments determine the person’s strengths and weakness within cognitive, academic, social and/or psychomotor domains.


What is a functional assessment? 

Functional Assessment is a systematic method for obtaining information about the function challenging behaviors serve for an individual.


When conducting an ask preference assessment, who can you ask? 

Target person. Significant others. Pre-task choice.

What are the variations of multiple stimuli preference assessment? 

Multiple stimuli with replacement 

Multiple stimuli without replacement 


Who completes individualized assessments? 

Assessments are complete by BCBAs, Licensed Psychologists, and other individuals that hold certifications or licenses (e.g., Teachers, Speech and Language Pathologist).


How does an RBT assist with functional assessment procedures? 

  • RBTs may be asked to take ABC data during anecdotal observation on a target behavior(s). 

  • During observation, the observer records a descriptive, temporally (time) sequenced account of all behavior(s) of interest and the antecedent conditions and consequences for those behavior as those events occur in the individual's natural environment. 


In a free operant observation, what is contrived observation? 

Contrived Observation: the practitioner fills the environment with a variety of items that the person may like.


What does multiple stimulus with replacement preference assessment looks like? 

The item chosen remains in the array and the items not chosen are replacement with new items.


What are some types of assessments that you may assist with? (Name at least 2). 

  • Cognitive development 

  • Educational ability 

  • Language

  • Social 

  • Behavioral 

  • Curriculum-based  (Vineland-III, VB-MAPP, ABILLS-R)


What are the 4 functions of behavior? 

  • Sensory stimulation (automatic)  

  • Escape/avoidance  

  • Attention 

  • Tangible/Access 


How is a free operant preference assessment conducted? 

Record what activities a person engages in when they can choose during a period of unrestricted access to numerous activates.


What does multiple stimuli without replacement preference assessment look like? 

The chosen item is removed from the array; the order or placement of the remaining items are rearranged, and the next trial begins.


Who can assist with individualized assessment procedures? 



What does ABC stand for? 

Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence


What is the most basic method for assessing preference when using a trial-based method? 

Single Stimulus Preference Assessment


Tim is showing his client an array of reinforcers, when the client interacts with a

reinforcer Tim removes it from the array. Tim is using

Multiple Stimulus Preference Assessment without Replacement


Why do we assess students/clients? 

  • Establish baseline levels 

  • Help schools, teachers, BCBA’s, and caregivers understand skills and deficits 

  • Re-assess to measure progress which allows professionals to determine next steps 


 If Tom is interviewing the parent of a client, he is using _______________.

Indirect Assessment

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