Read Aloud
Reading
Writing
Independent Reading and Writing
Word Study
100

Read aloud to students modeling fluency, enjoyment of reading, and purpose for reading.

What is a read aloud?

100

You and your students read aloud an enlarged version of an engaging text that provides opportunities for your students to expand their reading competencies.

What is shared reading?

100

The process of putting children’s ideas into written language.  

What is modeling?

100

Provides students the opportunity to apply reading strategies and skills in a text while developing their own personal interests.

What is independent reading?

100

Phonics, spelling, and vocabulary.

What is orthography?

200

These people build the essential framework for early reading development.

Who are parents?

200

Ensure that students enjoy the text and think about the meaning.

What is the first read?

200

Teacher may be conferencing with students and providing support individually.

What is Guided Writing?

200

Decide on a skill or strategy you wish to teach or reinforce. Select one you need to teach based on either student needs or your curriculum.

What is guided writing instruction?

200

Categorization and sorting activities - comparing and contrasting words according to specific sound and spelling features. 

What is word work/study?

300

Rich in meaning or language and class favorites.

What is a relevant and engaging text?

300

Multiple, subsequent readings are completed to notice more about the text. They discuss the text, and you select teaching points based on their needs.

What is the 2nd and 3rd read?

300

Students complete with little or no teacher support, using known words and constructing the spelling of unknown words. 

What is independent writing? 

300

90% accuracy and rate or better.

What is independent reading level?

300

Teachers vary their instructional strategies to meet their students’ diverse needs, interests, and abilities.

What is differentiation? 

400

Introduce a theme, students talking and thinking about literature, explore new worlds, and familiarize students with different genres.

What are read alouds?

400

Provides enjoyable, successful experiences with print for all students, Promotes the development of all aspects of the reading process, Provides opportunities to engage in expressive, meaningful, fluent reading.

What is shared reading?

400

Teacher models strategies and skills writers need to develop writing.  

What is modeled writing? 

400

Student engagement increases, students build stronger reading skills, students enjoy reading. 

What is independent reading?

400

Look beyond single or paired letter-sounds to search for larger patterns that guide the grouping of letters. 

What is syllabication? 

500

Respond to pictures, meaning, and language.

What is an interactive read aloud?

500

Revisit the text again on subsequent days, making additional teaching points and supporting students in gaining independence in processing the text.

What are repeated readings?

500

These groupings should be flexible, based on observation of students' current needs, and might be implemented following a whole-class writing lesson.


 

What is a Guided Writing group?

500

To model reading enjoyment, to support students in choosing books to read, to read and discuss a range of genres, create community of readers, encourage students to engage in reflection.

What is the role of the educator? 

500

Support students' development of a working knowledge of the orthography — knowledge that students can apply as they are reading and writing. 

What is phonics/spelling?

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