Genetics
Terms
Inheritance
Brain Busters
Random
100
This process creates new & identical cells.
What is mitosis?
100
What is allele?
What is a different form of the same gene?
100
What is a trait?
What is a specific characteristic or feature exhibited by an organism?
100
Why is the word homologous used to describe chromosome pairs, rather than the word identical?
Homologous chromosomes are pairs of chromosomes that appear similar, in terms of length and other characteristics but they are not identical to each other.
100

The genotype for males

XY

200
This process creates sperm & egg.
What is meiosis?
200
What happens in crossing over?
What is the exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous chromosomes?
200
What was the organism Mendel studied?
What is Pea Plant?
200

The shape of the DNA molecule

Double helix

200
What are Punnett squares?
What is the possible offspring that could be formed from the gametes of the parents?
300
Four stages in Mitosis. (In Order)
What is Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase?
300
What is sexual reproduction?
What is reproduction that requires two parents and produces genetically distinct offspring?
300

When the DNA sequence has changed as a result of some outside factor

Mutation

300

What is semi-conservative replication?

When DNA replicates the new strands contain one strand from the original DNA and one new strand

300

The type of cross that results from a red flower and a white flower that makes pink flowers

What is incomplete dominance

400
What are the complementary base pairs?
What is A-T and G-C?
400
What is haploid?
Haploid - half the number of chromosomes
400
What is the differences between dominant and recessive?
Dominant - the form of a trait that always appears when an individual has an allele for it. Recessive - the form of a trait that only appears when an individual has two alleles for it.
400
Distinguish between the terms phenotype and genotype?
What is the combination of the alleles and the physical traits of an organism?
400
What is the condition that an individual that has an extra chromosome 21?
What is Down syndrome?
500
Genotype describes the genes of an organism and __________________ describes the way an organism looks.
What is phenotype?
500

What is a polygenic trait?

What is trait that is controlled by more than one pair of genes. (Skin color and height)

500
What was Mendel's ratio for F2 generation?
What is 3:1?
500
A goat that has both red and white hair but its presented in patches. What is that Codominance, Incomplete Dominance or crossing over?
What is Codominance?
500
One person has brown eyes and the other has blue eyes. Who has the dominant eye colour and who has recessive eye colour?
What is brown = dominant, blue = recessive?
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