The Basics
Bone Structure
Ossification
Bone Anatomy
Bones
100
Name one function of bone
What is support, protection, movement, storage, or blood cell production
100
name the characteristics of a long bone
What is a bone that is longer than it is wide
100
What is ossification
The formation of bone by osteoblasts
100
How many bones are in the adult human body (typically)
206
100
What is the axial skeleton
The bones of the head, spine, ribs, sternum, and sacrum
200
Name the two types of bone
What are compact and spongy bone?
200
Name the characteristics of short bones, and give an example
What is a bone that is roughly the same length and width (ex. carpals or tarsals)
200
Name the three main types of bone cells
What are osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes
200
What is a foramen
A hole in a bone
200
What makes up the appendicular skeleton
The pectoral girdle and the arms and legs
300
Name the structures that make up compact bone
What are haversian systems (osteons)?
300
What type of bone are the bones of the face and the vertebrae
Irregular bones
300
The type of ossification that occurs between membranes, primarily in the skull
What is intramembranous ossification?
300
What is a lump on a bone called
What is a tubercle
300
What is the mandible
The jawbone
400
Name the structures that make up spongy bone
What are trabeculae?
400
Name the ends of long bones
What is the epiphysis
400
Type of bone ossification that develops from cartilage models
What is endochondral ossification?
400
What is a condyle?
The smooth rounded end of a bone where it articulates with another bone
400
What bone is commonly called the cheekbone
What is the zygomatic bone
500
Another name for spongy bone
What is cancellous bone?
500
Name the part of bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis that is adjacent to the epiphyseal plate
What is the metaphysis
500
The primary ossification center
What is the center part of the diaphysis?
500
What is a meatus?
A foramen that is elongated into a tunnel like passage through the bone
500
How many bones are in the skull
22
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