First Aid Knowledge
EFA
SFA
CPR & Choking
Situations
100

What is the acronym you use for stroke

FAST

100

What situation can cause spinal cord or nerve damage if not treated?

Shock

100

Name all the heat and cold related illnesses (5)

Bonus: Name the different levels of heatstroke

heat: 

- cramps

-exhaustion

- stroke 

hypothermia, frostbite

bonus: mild, moderate, sever

100

True of False: Mouth to mouth is the ONLY way to give breathes to someone when doing CPR

false: mouth to nose, mouth to stoma 

100

A victim is complaining about chest pains, they are sweating, in denial, and having trouble breathing what do we think they are suffering from?

Heart Attack

200

Name the 3 P's of First Aid

Preserve, Promote, Prevent 

200

What degree of burns do blisters start?

2nd degree

200

What is the medical condition called when a victim experiences seizures often?

Bonus: What phase of seizure needs medical attention

Epilepsy

Bonus: Tonic Clonic 

200

True or false: you only need to call EMS if a victim is not breathing and unconscious. If a victim is unconscious but breathing EMS isn't needed

False

200

A victim was running and all of a sudden felt as if they couldn't breath. They are wheezing and this isn't the first time this has happened. What is this situation?

Asthma

300

If you are dealing with a child or infant and their parent/ guardian is in your face and freaking out what can you do to distract them?

Use them as your bystander 

300

What parts of the body is included in a facial injury? 

Bonus: Name all the common spots a foreign object might get stuck?

Ear, Eyes, Nose, Mouth 

Bonus: all of the above

300

When is the only time you move a spinal victim (3 responses) 

- If they are laying face down

- If they need CPR

- If they throw up

- If they are in a hazardous area 

300

What does CPR stand for?

Bonus: What does AED stand for 

Cardiopulmonary Circulation 

Bonus: Automated external defibrillator

300

There has just been a car accident and the rescuers arrived at the scene. For one of the first rescuers this is their first rescue. As soon as they witness the crime scene they blank and feel as if they cannot move, start freaking out, and crying. What is going on with this rescuer?

Acute CIS

400

Explain Primary & Secondary Assessment

Primary Assessment- checks for life threatening illness (LOC & ABC)

Secondary- Comes after to see what else is wrong with the victim (head to toe, check vitals, asking questions)

400

What happens if a victim is unresponsive to voice, sound, pain, or surroundings? What are they?

Unconscious

400

What are the 2 situations where the victim is appearing intoxicated 

- Diabetes

- Hypothermia

400

If you are alone with no one around and have an infant who is not breathing, when do you call EMS

Bonus: when do you call EMS for an adult

Infant: after 2 minutes (5 cycles) of CPR 

Adult: right after you check LOC & ABC (right away) 

400

A victim is throwing up, has discoloured lips, burns around the mouth and stinky breath. What do we think happened to our victim?

Ingested position 

500

What does EFA or SFA stand for? (pick one)

Bonus: What do both EFA and SFA stand for

Emergency First Aid

Standard First Aid 

500

What does TIA stand for

Bonus: Explain what it is

Transient Ischemic Attack 

bonus: a warning sign that a victim is at risk for a stroke

500

What is the treatment for a BASIC chest injury? (3)

Bonus: Give specific sign & symptom for broken ribs and open chest wound

Call EMS, 

Make victim comfortable, 

Protect / support injured area, 

Monitor any changes, be prepared to do CPR, 

Do not give any food or liquids

Bonus:

500

When doing CPR on a victim that haas gone unconscious from choking do we start with compressions or breaths? And why? 

Compressions- you are trying to pump the object out 

500

You walk into a room as see a victim laying down on the floor. They are conscious and responsive, but they are in a weird position and fluid is coming from their ears. What is wrong with the victim?

Bonus: How do we treat

Spinal

Bonus: Immobilize and wait for EMS

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