Basic
Transitional Feeding
Misc.
Parental Nutrition
Enteral Nutrition
100

What do clear liquid diets consist of?

Foods that are clear and liquid at room or body temperature

100

As oral intake ____, tube-feeding should ____.

Increase, decrease

100

What do full liquid diets consist of?

Foods that are liquid at room temperature

100

Parenteral Nutrition can be divided into what two parts?

Central Parenteral Nutrition (CPN) and Peripheral Parenteral Nutrition (PPN)

100

What are the different methods of administration?

Continuous, Intermittent, Bolus

200

What is the time frame for clear liquid diets?

No more than 8 to 24 hours

200

At what point should tube feeding be stopped?

When oral intake constantly exceeds two thirds of estimated energy requirements

200

What are Dietary Supplements regulated by?

Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994

200

When is Peripheral parenteral nutrition used?

During short-term nutrition support

200

What does a long duration of feeding require?

Surgical placement

300

Dysphagia Diets consist of how many levels?

4

300

What do long periods of parenteral nutrition without enteral feedings result in?

Atrophy of the GI Tract

300

By definition, what is dietary supplements considered?

A food

300

How is carbohydrates delivered during Parental Nutrition?

via central vein 

300

What is the main purpose of Enteral Nutrition?

Maintaining gut integrity/function

400

What do soft diets consist of?

Whole foods, low in fiber and lightly seasoned

400

What should be documented during the weaning process?

Enteral intake

400

How can most tube-feeding problems be avoided?

Good hand washing techniques by nursing staff administering the feeding

400

What is the function of fat in Parenteral Nutrition?

Used as a concentrated energy source and to prevent essential fatty acid deficiency

400

What are some indications for use?

•Malnutrition risk: 5 days or longer of inadequate or reduced oral intake

•Severe dysphagia, major burns, short gut, intestinal fistulas, and other situations that preclude oral intake

500

What is recommended to help achieve better food choices and reduce meal refusals?

Understanding the common food preferences and patterns used by people of different cultures

500

Why is minimal enteral intake encouraged?

To help maintain normal GI tract physiology and gut mucosal immunity

500

What are the metabolic difficulties in tube-feeding complications?

Hyperosmolar dehydration or overhydration; abnormal blood levels of sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium (too high or too low); hyperglycemia; respiratory insufficiency; and rapid weight gain.

500

What are the three complications of Parenteral Nutrition?

Pneumothorax, Septic, Hyperglycemia
500

What are the 6 different feeding routes of Enteral Nutrition?

Nasogastric, Nasoduodenal, Nasojejunal, Esophagostomy, Gastrostomy, Jejunostomy

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