Temperament
Emotional Development
Attachment
Ch. 8 Miscellaneous
Temperament continued
100

An individual's way of emotionally responding, and it is mostly biologically rooted (genetic) and stable over time. 

Temperament

100

The cognitive understanding that they have a recognizable identity, separate and different from the rest of their world.

Self-awareness


100

Reciprocal, enduring tie between infant and caregiver, each of whom contributes to the quality of the relationship. This overtakes synchrony.

Attachment

100

A blend of emotions, temperament, thought, and behavior that makes each person unique.

Personality

100

We can discover the _______ of a child by observing for these questions: Does the child have a positive or negative outlook? Is she generally "light-hearted" or serious?

Mood

200

3 broad CATEGORIES of temperament.

Easy, difficult and slow-to-warm-up

200

The ability to imagine how another person might feel in a particular situation.

empathy

200

Infant is quickly and effectively able to find comfort from a caregiver when faced with a stressful situation.

Secure attachment

200

Combination of  personality development with social relationships.

Psychosocial development or social & emotional development 

200

We can discover the _______ of a child by observing for these questions: How does the child react to change? Does he have a hard time with changes in routine, new people or new foods?

Adaptability

300

There are this many characteristics of temperament.

9 (nine)

300

Piaget's term for inability to consider another person's point of view; a characteristic of young children's thought.

egocentrism

300

Infant, after separation from the primary caregiver, shows contradictory behaviors on his or her return.

Disorganized or disoriented attachment

300

Erikson's stage where infants develop a sense of the reliability of people and objects. 

trust versus mistrust

300

We can discover the _______ of a child by observing for these questions: How long does the child stay with a task when it is challenging? Ho does he react to interruptions when playing?

Persistence

400
We can discover the _______ of a child by observing for these questions:

Does he squirm while having his diaper changed? Does he prefer to discover the world by crawling and climbing?

Activity level

400

An activity intended to help another person with no expectation of reward.

altruistic behavior

400

Infant rarely cries when separated from the primary caregiver and avoids contact on his or her return.

Avoidant Attachment

400

Erikson's stage where children achieve a balance between independence and control by others. Children will often say, "Me do it!" or "No" at random times.

autonomy versus shame and doubt

400

We can discover the _______ of a child by observing for these questions: When being fed her bottle , does she turn her head to look in the direction of every new sound she hears or movement she sees?

Distractibility

500

We can discover the _______ of a child by observing for these questions: How predictable are the child's sleeping and eating habits? Does he wake up  and get sleepy at the same times of each day?

Biological Rhythms

500

Neurons that fire when a person does something or observes someone else doing the same thing.

mirror neurons

500

▪becomes anxious before the primary caregiver leaves, is extremely upset during his or her absence, and both seeks and resists contact on his or her return.

Ambivalent or Resistant attachment

500

3 self-conscious emotions that depend on self awareness.

embarrassment, empathy and envy

500

We can discover the _______ of a child by observing for these questions: At what point does a child become bothered by noise or light, changes in temperature, different tastes, or the feel of clothing?

Sensory threshold

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