Terms Related to Types of Therapy
Types of Therapy & Related Terms
Workings of the Mind
Mind Control
WWTD? What Would Therapy Do?
100

Pairing a target behavior w/ a negative stimulus to stop undesirable behaviors. 

Aversion Therapy

100

Interacts w/ pt's freely & is oriented toward the "here & now," & it makes lesser attempts to reconstruct the development origins & conflicts. Deals w/ free association, dream analysis, transference, & countertransference.

Psychodynamic Therapy

100

This includes all repressed memories, passions, & unacceptable urges lying deep below the surface of the mind.

Unconscious

100

The body or mind's way of warding off anxiety by preventing conscious awareness of threatening feelings.

Defense Mechanisms

100

This absence of reinforcement decreases behavior by withholding a reward that has become habitual.

Extinction

200

Assumes that changes in maladaptive behavior can occur without insight to the underlying cause. It attempts to change the ways of thinking that cause emotional distress.

Behavioral Therapy

200

A form of behavioral therapy that controls the body's physiological response to stress & anxiety. 

Biofeedback

200

A part of the mind that contains all the material a person is aware of at any one time, including thoughts, perceptions, memories, fantasies, & feelings.

Conscious

200

Irrational & false assumptions & misinterpretations.

Cognitive Distortions

200

This occurs when something unpleasant or uncomfortable is removed to increase the chance of the desired behavior.

Negative Reinforcement

300

Based on both cognitive psychology & behavioral therapy. It is an active, directive, time-limited, structural approach to treating depression, anxiety, phobias, & pain.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

300

When an involuntary & non-spontaneous, neural stimulus is repeatedly paired w/ another stimulus

Classical Conditioning

300

It refers to unconscious feelings a pt has toward a healthcare worker initially felt in childhood for a significant other.

Transference

300

A system of the personality that develops in the 1st years of life & resides in all three levels of awareness. It helps w/ problem-solving & reality testing.

Ego

300

This method of learning occurs through rewards & punishments for voluntary behavior.

Operant Conditioning

400

Encourages pt's to face their fears & emotionally process them in a safe environment to stop the response.

Exposure Therapy

400

It involves pairing a behavior w/ a condition that reinforces or stops the behavior occurrences.

Conditioning

400

This lies just below the surface of awareness & contains material that can be retrieved.

Preconscious

400

A system of personality that develops between 3-5 y/o & it represents the moral components that reside in all three levels of awareness. It contains all the "should not's" instilled by parents & society.

Superego

400

This introduces a desired stimulus to encourage the behavior that is desired.

Positive Reinforcement

500

A short-term therapy to reduce or stop psychiatric symptoms by improving function & satisfaction w/ social relationships.

Interpersonal Therapy

500
It causes a behavior to occur more frequently.

Reinforcement

500

This refers to unconscious feelings a healthcare worker has toward a pt.

Countertransference

500

A system of the personality that is unconscious & impulsive. It is the source of all drives, instincts, reflexes, & needs. 

Id

500

When a therapist gives a role-play, role model, or video for specifically identified behaviors.

Modeling

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