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100

In ancient China, many aspects of life were ruled by the _________ of Confucius.  

philosophy

100

The Huang River is muddy because it carries ________, a yellow-brown soil.

loess

100

A valuable cloth made only in China, called _____, was highly prized in Europe.

silk

100

To protect their lands from the effects of flooding, the people in an early Chinese village might build a(n) ______.

dike

100

The teachings of Confucius were used as the basic training for the __________, the people who carried out the work of government.

civil service

200

The physical geography around China affected Chinese civilization by…


Creating barriers to the outside world

200

The first farming settlements in China developed…


Along the rivers

200

The center of early Chinese society was…


The family

200

Confucius believed that if people showed loyalty and respect within the family, then …  

the same values would spread to the world at large.

200

Because of the government examinations based on Confucius's teachings, government jobs…

could be held by poor young men

300

What actions did Shi Huangdi take in order to control Chinese thought?


Outlawed the ideas of Confucius and others or other thinkers

300

The main interest of the Chinese emperor Wudi was …



expanding the Chinese empire by conquering other lands.

300

An important accomplishment of the Chinese during the Han dynasty was the …


the  invention of paper

300

During the Han dynasty, the influence of Confucianism grew because ...

the rulers wanted to bring back respect for tradition.

300

How did China's physical geography affect the development of its early civilization?

Natural Barriers like the Himalaya Mountains, the deserts and,  high plateaus prevented Ancient China from learning about other civilizations. The rivers provided fertile soil for farming.



400

Why do you think that people in China today call themselves "the children of Han"?  In your answer, consider at least three important accomplishments of the Han dynasty.

Under the Han dynasty the following developments occurred: establishment of civil service that employed men educated in Confucian teachings, advancements in arts, scholarship and history. Developments in farming tools with iron and improvements in irrigation systems. Inventions included paper the compass and herbal medicines. Respect for family and traditions. These things were lasting and that is why they might consider themselves “the children of Han.”

400

 What is a generalization you can make about the Huang River?

The Huang River was unpredictable and sometimes dangerous: no warnings of destructive floods; could drown thousands, or could cause river to cut another path and change course.

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