Encoding
Storage
Retrieval and Forgetting
Memory Strategies
Bonus (2 serious questions 2 random questions)
100

Putting information into your memory system.

Encoding

100

Maintenance of encoded information in the memory system over time

Storage

100

Context, Odors, Déjà vu, and emotional state are examples of these

Aids to retrieval 

100
Organizing information into manageable chunks is known as

Chunking

100

What do we call episodic and semantic memories that are about our everyday lives?

Autobiographical memories

200

Unconsciously encoding information is to Automatic Encoding as focused attention and purposefully putting information away is to...

Effortful Encoding

200

What is it called when we take information in through our senses, hold it for a few moments, then it moves on to short term memory?

Sensory Memory Store

200

If something was never actually put properly into your memory system what happened? (what do we call it)

Ineffective Encoding

200

NSSLHA, YMCA, and NASA are examples of what memory strategy

Acronyms 

200

In the clip from Inside Out, what was the name of the gum that was in the commercial?

TripleDent gum
300

The idea that you will best remember the first and last portion of a sequence refers to 

The Serial Position Effect 
300

Short term memory, also called working memory, is limited by these two things

Time and Capacity

300

Whereas Retroactive Interference means that new information makes it more difficult to remember previously learned information, Proactive interference means what?

Old information makes it difficult to remember new information
300

If I were to repeat a process over and over in order to learn it (i.e. knitting stitches) what type of memory strategy would this be?

Rote Rehearsal/Learning

300
Explain a Flashbulb memory

Important memory that is vivid, has some level of personal involvement, and has some sort of emotion or surprise attached to it

400

Give an example of Automatic Encoding and Effortful Encoding 

Automatic: knowing your class schedule off the top of your head, reading something and immediately knowing the words

Effortful: Studying for an exam, learning how to play a new song on the piano

400

Describe Procedural, Semantic, and Episodic long term memory 

1.Procedural - memory for actions/skills            2.Semantic - declarative - memory for factual information--can be academic                           3.Episodic - time related memory - I remember when...

400

Tell the 3 measures of forgetting and describe them

1.Recall → you have to recall something without any outside cues                                               2.Recognition → being able to select when you have a variety of choices in front  of you                  3.Relearning → you have forgotten and now have to relearn something over time 

400

Please explain Rehearsal, Elaborate Rehearsal, and Mnemonic memory strategies

Rehearsal: Repeating something over and over in order to remember it 

Elaborate Rehearsal: Thinking of how the new information connects to information you already know

Mnemonic: Breaking things down into steps, phases, etc and making it a pattern so you can remember easier

400

What was my favorite color in Kindergarten?

Pink

Click to zoom