First Aid- illness
First Aid- Injuries
More First Aid
More terminology
Kids Q
Kids Q
Kids Q
Kids Q

This is the first thing you do when the AED arrives

What is: Turn it on!


This is the definition of circulatory shock

What is "progressive, life threatening condition in which the circulatory system fails to deliver enough oxygen rich blood to the body's tissues and organs"


At home, This is the best way to clean an abrasion or a laceration.

what is: with soap and water (since most people do not have iodine)


This is the medication a person takes when having a severe allergic reaction

what is an EpiPen (epinephrine pen)


external bleeding: "a sharp cut"

what is a laceration


This is a scrape (AKA road rash)

what is an Abrasion


This is when blood flow to part of the heart is blocked

What is a Heart Attack


This is a disease in which RBC are cresent moon shaped

What is Sickle cell trait or anemia


This injury occurs when the skin is roughly rubbed, causing damage to the skin's surface.

What is an Abrasion


This type of open wound is caused by a portion of the skin is partially or completely torn away

What is an avulsion


The SPEED of compressions I give during CPR 

What is: 100-120 compressions per minute


A chronic illness resulting in wheezing breaths, tightness in chest and inability to talk without stopping for a breath

what is Asthma


This is an injury to the skin caused by heat, radiation, chemicals or electricity, and is highly susceptible to infection.

What is a BURN


This is the hormone produced in the pancreas that play a big part in diabetes

what is insulin


this is a bloody tumor

what is a hematoma


This is a sign of trauma, a bony protrusion

what is a deformity


These are the emergency action steps.

What are Check, Call, Care


This is a result of abnormal electrical activity of the brain

What is a seizure


This is a thin deep cut (highly susceptibility of infection) caused by a nail or a needle

What is a puncture wound


This is what you shout when the AED is analyzing the heart's rhythm

What is "CLEAR!!!"


This is the difference between a heart attack and SCA

what is: a plumbing problem vs. an electrical problem


This is the genetic disorder of RBC that can be exacerbated by high altitude, dehydration, or recent illness

what is sickle cell trait


This is how you treat a contusion

what is RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation


This is how I treat a 2nd degree (partial thickness) burn (3 responses)

1. remove the source of the burn

2. cool water x 10 minutes

3. cover with a STERILE bandage

4. monitor until help arrives 


internal bleeding: " a deep bruise"

what is a contusion


This is swelling within tissue

what is EDEMA


This is how you care for someone who is choking (unable to speak w weak cough)

What are 5 Back Blows followed by 5 abdominal thrusts 


This is a life threatening condition where the circulatory system fails to deliver oxygenated blood to the body's tissue and organs

what is shock


This is a law that protects the first responder from litigation (financial liability).

What is the Good Samaritan Law


This is how long a rescue breath should last

what is 1 second


These are the sx/sy of a person having a heart attack (at least 4 responses)

What are: 1.  chest pain or tightness that lasts longer than 3-5 minutes and comes and goes, 2. radiating pain in arms, 3. shortness of breath, dizziness, sweating, fatigue, nausea, 4. back or jaw pain (esp for women)


When caring for a person having a seizure, you should:

a. place something between the person's teeth to prevent them from biting their tongue

b. remove nearby objects that may cause injury

c. try to hold the person still

d. all of the above

what is: b. remove nearby object that may cause injury


These are the FOUR steps to Precautions in Universal Precautions

What are:

1. Wear Gloves

2. Disinfect area

3. Proper Disposal

4. Wash hands 


This is SPECIFICALLY what Universal Precautions refers to when treating external bleeding

What is: Universal = treat everyone as if infected, and precautions= steps to protect ourselves and patients


this is the discoloration due to bruising (use the medical term)

what is ecchymosis


this is what  O&A x 4 refers to

who they are (and others), where they are, what time it is, and what happened.

A way to assess someone's level of consciousness


This is the proper placement of the AED Pads.

What are: The Patient's Upper right and Left chest


The following sx/sy are indicative of this sudden illness:

* numbness or weakness of one side of the body, trouble seeing, headache, slurred speech, dizziness, loss of balance

what is a stroke


These are clues to the person's condition that you can observe for yourself, using one of your senses?

What are "signs"


The technique you use to open a person's airway

What is the head tilt chin lift


I continue CPR/AED combination until..... (a list of 4)

1. EMS (help) arrives

2. Signs of life

3. Scene becomes unsafe

4. I become too tired and can no longer continue


This is how we treat someone who looks to be going into shock (at least 3 responses)

1. lay the person down flat (raise legs if applicable)

2. keep them calm

3. monitor body temp and O&A x 4

4. control any external bleeding, address any other first aid needs


These are the techniques for splinting (at least 4 of the 5 responses must be correct)

1. Splint in position you find (don't try to "fix" a deformity)

2. iSplint above and below the injury

3. Immobilize (snug but not cutting off circulation)

4. Check PMS

5. Monitor until help arrives


Flash to bang: This is how I calculate AND what is the 30-30 rule for sports?

What are: 

1. Flash to bang is the # of seconds I count between flash of light and bang of thunder.

2. 30-30 rule for sport means if I count < 30 seconds, find cover. Stay there until 30 minutes after the storm passes


This is the term for rapid muscle cell death (hint: associated with sickle cell)

what is Rhabdomyolysis


This is an abnormal sensation, like pins and needles

What is parasthesia


This is the RATE of chest compressions to give someone during CPR

What is 100-120 compressions per minute


These injuries can cause hypovolemic shock

What are dehydration or hemorrhage


The inflammation and narrowing of airways

What is Asthma


This is the acronym to use when caring for a person with a contusion, sprain, or strain

What is RICE


This is the technique I use when a CHOKING person becomes UNRESPONSIVE. (ie: similarities and differences from non-choking CPR)

what is: begin with  30 compressions, but before rescue breaths, I look in the person's mouth. If I see an object, I use pinky to sweep it out. If I don't see an object, I continue with rescue breaths then compressions.

ie: after every set of compressions, I look before breaths. 


F.A.S.T. is used to assess for ______________

and stands for: ______________________

what is: stroke, and Face, Arm, Speech, Time


These are  3 must do's and 1 must Do NOTS when providing first aid care for someone who is bit by a snake

what are:

1. keep the person calm, no running (increased HR can speed the spreading of venom)

2. wrap with a compression wrap

3. keep body part below the heart

4. do NOTot suck out or cut out the bite/venom


This is what I should NOT do when treating a severe burn (3 responses)

what are:

1. try to remove clothing that is stuck

2. use oil based products on the burn

3. do not use ICE or ice water


This is what SAMPLE stands for

1. signs and symptoms (Sx/sy)

2. allergies

3. medications

4. pertinent medical hx

5. last oral intake

6. events that occurred (MOI)


This is when the skin (or bone) is partially or completely pulled away

what is an Avulsion


This is a "loss of blood that occurs from the vascular system into a body cavity or space". (make sure to use proper medical term for this)

What is internal hemorrhage


This is the medication that slows or stops the effects of anaphylaxis.

What is epinephrine


The condition when a person is unable to produce glucose

This is a trick Q: NOBODY can produce glucose! That's why we have to eat in order to stay alive!!! These kids meant: "unable to produce INSULIN" which is the hormone that ALLOWS glucose to enter cells


The position to place an unconscious person who is breathing

What is the recovery position


This is what AED stands for

What is Automated External Defibrillator


This is how you open a person's air way to give rescue breaths

What are: head tilt, chin lift


This is how I treat a stingray sting (at least 2 responses)

what are: 1. remove pieces, 2. stop bleeding clean wound, 3. soak in hot water, 4. monitor for shock until help arrives


these are sx/sy of a diabetic emergency (at least 3 responses)

what are: dizziness, rapid pulse, shaking, sweating/clamminess, anxiety, irritability, hunger, sweet smelling breath


This is erratic rhythm of the heart, quivering of the heart.

What is Fibrillation

This is what CPR stands for

What is Cardio-Pulmonary- Resuscitation


This is a sudden attack or LOC caused by a disruption of blood flow to the brain

What is a Stroke


This is a rigid aluminum splint that can be folded into curves.

What is a Sam Splint


A triangular bandage can be used for these situation (at least 2 correct answers)

*A bandage to stop bleeding

*A cravat to secure a soft or rigid splint

*A shoulder sling to immobilize the shoulder, forearm, wrist

*A binder to wrap around a shoulder sling for additional support


This term means a person is breathing faster and shallower than normal

What is hyperventilation

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