DNA Structure
DNA Replication
Types of RNA
Where does it happen?
Misc.
100
Watson and Crick used this term to describe the shape of DNA.
What is a double helix?
100
This is what results from copying one molecule of DNA
What are two molecules of DNA?
100
A long, single stranded sequence of RNA. (Use full name)
What is messenger RNA (mRNA)?
100
This is where DNA replication takes place.
What is the nucleus?
100
A 3-base sequence of mRNA.
What is a codon?
200
The sugars and the phosphates.
What is the "backbone of a DNA molecule"?
200
This is the first step in the replication of one DNA molecule.
What is the unwinding of DNA?
200
This type of RNA carries an amino acid. (Use full name)
What is transfer RNA (tRNA)?
200
This is where transcription takes place.
What is the nucleus?
200
A 3-base sequence found on tRNA.
What is an anticodon?
300
The type of bond that holds bases together in the double helix.
What is a hydrogen bond?
300
This is what you call a "G" binding with a "C" or an "A" binding with a "T".
What is a base pair?
300
This type of RNA assembles itself into an "apple with a hole in it" through which mRNA can slither. (Use full name)
What is ribosomal RNA (rRNA)?
300
This is where translation takes place.
What is the cytoplasm?
300
With RNA, A (adenine) binds with this other base.
What is U (uracil)?
400
A (nitrogenous) base, a sugar, and a phosphate.
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
400
The enzyme that is used to make a copy of a DNA molecule.
What is DNA polymerase?
400
This is what holds the mRNA strand in place while translation proceeds.
What is the ribosome?
400
Most of the amino acids of a protein are incorrect due to this type of mutation.
What is a frameshift mutation?
500
He is credited with the discovery that the amount of G's was roughly equal to the amount of C's (and A's with T's) in several samples of DNA.
Who is Erwin Chargaff?
500
The proteins which the DNA double helix winds around so that DNA can become "supercoiled".
What are histones?
500
When mRNA is transcribed from DNA, it then slips through these to get into the cytoplasm.
What are the nuclear pores?
500
DNA is an abbreviation for this term.
What is deoxyribonucleic acid?
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