Earth Science
Earth Science 2
Earth Science 3
Earth Science 4
Earth Science 5
100

All the water on Earth makes up the _______sphere

hydrosphere

100

What is the driving force behind most erosion?

Gravity

100

_______ are small particles of rocks that form when rock breaks down

sediments

100

________ is a break in the rock that makes up Earth's crust

fault or fault line

100

True or False: igneous rocks form when layers of sediment settle on top of each other

False

200

About __________ % of Earth's surface is covered in water.

71%

200

The breaking down of rock at or near Earth's surface is called

weathering

200

is a flat piece of land formed by deposition at the mouth of a river

delta

200

The 3 properties of a mineral are ____, _______, & ______

streak, luster, & hardness

200
True or False: Acid rain or rust is a type of chemical weathering

True

300

List the 4 major layers of the earth in order from closest to farthest away from us

crust, mantle, outer core, & inner core

300

what breaks down rock by weathering?

List at least one option

wind, water, & gravity

300

________ a wide, flat area of land along a river where sediment is deposited by floodwaters. 

Hint: Do not build a home here!

floodplain

300

True or False: graphite (the "lead" in your pencil) and diamonds are both made from carbon

True

300

The theory that explains volcanoes, earthquakes, seafloor spreading, and other concepts.

Theory of Plate Tectonics

400

The layer of atmosphere closest to Earth's surface is the _____________

Troposphere

400

When weathered rock is picked up and moved is called _______

erosion

400
Gravity is dependent on an objects _______

mass

400

A naturally occurring, inorganic material, with a crystalline structure, and definite chemical makeup is called a _______

a. rock

b. Mineral

c. diamond

d. crystal

b. mineral

400

_______  ________is a material that formed from the remains of ancient organisms and is used today as a major sure of energy 

fossil fuels

500

________ & _________ (gases) make up most of Earth's atmosphere

oxygen & nitrogen

500

_______ is when the wind/water/glacier drops the material they are eroding. 

It's how parts of MN were formed!

deposition

500

what is the name for the layer containing the Earth's crust and the upper part of the mantle

lithosphere

500

the 3 types of categories of rocks (based on how they form) are...

Must have all 3!!!

sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic

500

____ is a resource that can be replaced at a rate close to their rate of use. & _______ is a resource that can be used up faster than it is made


must have both for points

 renewable & nonrenewable

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