Mnemonics
Cardiac
Respiratory
Mediacations
Misc.
100

CPR

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation 

100

Adult CPR Ratio (1 person)

30 compressions : 2 ventilations

100

What are the upper respiratory sounds?

Stridor, crowing, snoring

100

How much aspirin should you give?

180-324 mg

100

Which method can a patient loose the most amount of heat?

Radiation

200

AED

Automated External Defibrillator 

200

Patient calls 911 for shortness of breath. Upon arrival you have a 76 year old male c/o of increasing dyspnea, cough with blood-tinged sputum, crackles, and fatigue. He does not have JVD or peripheral edema. He states he was discharged from the hospital for a "blood infection". What likely condition is he suffering from?

Left sided heart failure

200

When bagging a patient, when should you stop squeezing the bag?

When you see chest rise and fall. 

200

When can you give oral glucose?

Symptomatic hypoglycemia with patient able to follow commands to swallow gel. 

200

What is an antidote?

An antidote will neutralize or counteract the effects of a poison or toxic substance 

300

SAMPLE

Signs/Symptoms

Allergies

Medications (Rx, OTC, herbal)

Past pertinent history

Last oral intake

Events leading to cause

300

How is oxygen transported to the cells?

Red Blood Cells

300

 What structure that lies between the trachea and bronchi?

Carina

300

What is a gas that is used to treat any patient whose medical or traumatic condition causes them to be hypoxic?

Oxygen

300

What are the four types of shock?

Hypovolemia, Cardiogenic, Distributive, Obstructive

400
OPQRST

Onset

Provocation

Quality

Radiation

Severity

Time

400

In the American Heart Association's Chain of Survival, what must occur first, if a patient is to survive cardiac arrest

Early Access

400

What is the path that oxygen must travel to get into the cells of the body?

Oropharynx, larynx, trachea, carina, bronchioles

400

What are your nitroglycerin administration directions?

BP greater than 90mmHg SBP (caution at 100)

Ongoing Chest pain

Max of 3 doses; 1 spray/tab every 3-5 minutes (with NEW vital check)

has not used ED Drugs in last 48 hours. 

400
What is shock

When the cells are not getting enough oxygen and nutrients 

500

SLUDGE

Salivation

Lacrimation

Urination

Defecation

GI Distress

Emesis

500

What is the path of blood flow through the heart (starting with the SVC/IVC)?

SVC/IVC > R atrium > tricuspid valve > R ventricle > pulmonary arteries > lungs > pulmonary arteries > L Atrium > mitral valve > L ventricle > aorta > body

500

a newborn's heart rate has fallen from 80 beats per minute to 40. He is breathing 40 breaths per minute and has a mottled appearance. What is your next action?

start CPR

500

Side Effects of Albuterol treatment

Dizziness

Lightheadedness

Tachycardia

Anxiety

500

In a pediatric burn patient, what percentage is the head (TBSA)?

18%

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