Amendment Process
Bill of Rights (I-IV)
Bill of Rights (V-X)
Va. State Government
Federalism
100
What are Amendments?
Changes made to the Constitution
100
What right does the 2nd Amendment protect?
The right to hang a pair of bear arms on your walls
100
Which Amendment protects individuals from cruel and unusual punishment?
8th
100
What is the name of the legislative branch of Virginia?
The General Assembly
100
Foreign policy is a primary concern of which level of government?
National/federal
200
How many Amendments are there in total?
27
200
Which Amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures of property?
4th
200
What does the 10th Amendment do?
All powers not given to the federal government by the Constitution are reserved for state governments.
200
What document establishes Virginia's state government?
The Virginia Constitution
200
Public health and safety is primary a concern for which level of government?
state
300
What does ratify mean?
To approve
300
In most cases, what do police officers need before they can search your property?
Search warrant based on probable cause
300
What is due process of law?
Government must respect all of your legal rights, treat you fairly, and follow all of the legal steps before convicting you of a crime.
300
Who is the leader of Virginia's executive branch?
The governor
300
Define federalism
The division of power between the national and individual state governments.
400
What are the two ways to propose a new amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
2/3 of both houses of Congress vote - 2/3 of all states votes
400
A document signed by a large number of people demanding action from the government is an example of which 1st Amendment freedom?
Petition
400
Define eminent domain
Government may take private property for public good, as long as fair compensation is paid.
400
Which branch of Virginia's government has the power to tax?
Legislative
400
What does the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution do?
Says that federal laws are superior to state laws. If there are any conflicts between the two, federal wins.
500
What is the only way to ratify an Amendment?
3/4 of all states much approve.
500
What are all five 1st Amendment freedoms?
Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, Speech
500
What does it mean that you have the right to remain silent?
You don't have to answer any police questions
500
What are the names of the lower and upper house of Virginia's legislative branch?
House of Delegates (lowers) and Virginia Senate (Upper)
500
What are concurrent powers?
Powers shared by both the nation and state governments (taxes, roads, make laws)
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