Determinants
Health Promotion
Health Literacy
IPS and SMS
Epidemiology
100

DOH categories

Social

Socioeconomic

Environmental

Biomedical

100

Define health promotion

The process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health

100

What are the 4P's of Health Promotion

Product, Price, Place, Promotion

100

3 skills for effective mediation

Maintain a positive attitude

Refocus the negative

Create a common enemy

100

Define live expectancy

How long, on average a person is expected to live, specific to population of origin or ethnic group.
200

2 Biomedical Determinants

Birth weight

Body weight

200

6 elements of the HBM

Perceives susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers

Cues to action

Self-efficacy

200

3 skills for health literacy

Accessing, reading and comprehending

200

5 EI competencies

Self-Awareness, Self-Regulation, Self-Motivation

Social-Awareness, Social Skills

200

Difference between prevalence and incidence of disease

prevalence: the overall number of cases of a specific disease in a given population at a certain time.

incidence: number of new cases in a population at a given time period.

300

2 features of the natural and 2 features of the built environment.

Walkability, housing, outdoor air quality, transport, greenspace, geographical location, food and water quality, indoor air quality, vector agents, extreme weather, UV radiation.

300

5 action areas of the Ottawa Charter

Developing Personal Skills, Reorienting Health Services, Building Healthy Public Policy, Creating Supportive Environments, Strengthening Community Action

300

3 levels of health literacy

Functional, interactive and critical

300

2 personality types and how they seek help

Introvert: research before they ask questions, one on one, talk to trusted friends/family...

Extrovert: happy to reach out to others, group counselling...

300

List 6 of the 10 chronic conditions

arthritis, asthma, back pain, cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, mental health conditions and osteoporosis. 


400

Name the 9 socioeconomic determinants 

Neighbourhood, access to services, migration, education, family, housing, income, food security, employment

400

3 strategies to reduce health inequities according to the Ottawa Charter

Enable

Mediate

Advocate

400

4 factors influencing the use of health products and services

Media, transport, cost, consumer confidence

400

3 types of leadership with an explanation

Autocratic: leader makes decisions without consulting others

Democratic: collaborative style of leadership where the leader involves others in the decision making

Lasseiz-faire: casual style of leadership. Leader has little involvement in decision making.

400
Difference between morbidity and mortality rate

Morbidity rate: The number of people that are sick or diseased in a population.

Mortality rate: the number of people who have died in a population.

500

Name the 11 social determinants

Food, addiction, unemployment, culture, early life, transport, social exclusion, work, social support, social gradient, stress.

500

1 priority of the Jakarta Declaration (must be written in full)

Promote social responsibility for health, increase investments for health development, consolidate and expand partnerships for health, increase community capacity and empower the individual, secure infrastructure for health promotion

500

4 principles of disease management

Care planning, self-monitoring, self-administered treatment, allied health professionals, emergency contact, review

500

What are the 5A's of access?

Affordability, availability, accessibility, accommodation, acceptability

500

Explain how you would measure Burden of Disease

YLL + YLD= DALYs

DALYs- Disability adjusted life years

One DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death (YLL) or time lived with disease or injury (YLD)

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