Key Terms
Key People
Big Business
Working Conditions
Labor Unions
Immigration
100

total ownership of a product or service

Monopoly

100

Leader of the American Federation of Labor

Samuel Gompers

100

Why didn't Americans like monoplies? 

Monoplies got rid of competition and raised prices on goods

100

Who mainly worked in factories?

Women, children and immigrants

100

What is a labor strike?

Workers stop working until the conditions are met

100

Give two examples of push factors.

Violence, War, Poverty, Famine, Lack of jobs and opportunities

200

Business leaders who built their fortunes by using sketchy practices

Robber Barons

200

Steel industrialist who later donated hundreds of millions of dollars to help out communities.

Andrew Carnegie 

200

This act was created to make monopolies illegal and allow for competition.

Sherman Antitrust Act

200

What were the conditions in the factories?

Long hours, low pay and dangerous working environment

200

Which labor strike caused the decline of the Knights of Labor but led to the formation of the AFL?

Haymarket Affair

200

What are the two locations that immigrants entered the US from?

Ellis Island and Angel Island

300

Negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees

Collective bargaining 

300

Creator of the telephone and changed how people communicated with each other. 

Alexander Graham Bell

300

Ownership of businesses involved in each step of a manufacturing process and a tatic used by Carneige

Vertical Integration

300

Why did factories choose the hire immigrants over American citizens?

Immigrants who would work for less pay than American citizens.

300

During the strikes that happened in the Industrial Age, which side was the government on: Workers or Businesses?

Businesses

300

What is nativism?

Belief that the interests of native citizens should come before the interests of outsiders

400

Business leaders served their nation in a positive way


Captain of Industry

400

Created the Standard Oil Trust and produced the majority of the oil used in the US and in other parts of the world.

John D. Rockefeller

400

What is the main idea of this cartoon?

The governemnt was controlled by business leaders and ignored the concerns of the American citizens.

400

Which event caused factories to follow safety regulations, create a safer workplace, and led to the creation of unions in the United States? 

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire 

400

Name one difference between the AFL and the Knights of Labor.

Knights of Labor- Both skilled and unskilled workers

AFL- Skilled workers, organized labor union for individual groups

AFL used strikes to get what it wanted but the Knights tried boycotts and negotiations

400

What did the Chinese Exclusion Act do?

Banned new immigrants coming to the United States from China

500

Policy where the government has little to no interference with business practices

Laissez-Faire

500

Leader of the Knights of Labor 

Terence V. Powderly

500

What is horizontal integration?

Owning all businesses in a certain field

500

What is the name of the book and author that exposed the meatpacking industry?

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair 

500

What is the main purpose of labor unions in the United States?

Labor unions gave the workers a voice to get their demands met like improving working conditions or better pay for workers. 

500

Why is this a pro-immigration cartoon?

Cartoon displays how it is unfair that Chinese immigrants are banned from the United States while other groups who bring issues to the US are allowed.

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