Infections
Chain of Infection
Precautions
Definitions
Hodgepodge
100

These are single-celled organisms that only can be seen using a microscope

What are microorganisms?

100

Any opening on the body of an infected person that allows pathogens to leave

What is portal of exit?

100

These precautions consist of hand hygiene and gloves

What are standard precautions?

100

Pathogens found in the blood

What are bloodborne pathogens?

100

This will break the chain of infection

What is handwashing?

200

A healthcare-associated infection

What is nosocomial infection?

200

Where pathogens live and multiple

What is the reservoir?

200

Used to prevent transmission of organisms from an infected or colonized resident through direct or indirect contact

What are contact precautions?

200

To make something unclean or unsterile

What is contamination?

200

Handwashing with soap and water is the only hand hygiene method for this infection

What is Clostridium difficile (C-diff)?

300

An infection that is limited to a specific location of the body

What is localized infection?

300
An uninfected person who gets sick

What is susceptible host?

300

These precautions are used for a person that is infected or a person with an infectious disease

What are transmission-based precautions?

300

The act of separating a person from others to prevent the spread of disease

What is isolation?

300

This process kills pathogens to a level that is considered not infectious, using pasteurization or chemical germicides

What is disinfection?

400

This type of infection affects the entire body, traveling through the bloodstream

What is a systemic infection?

400

How a pathogen travels

What is mode of transmission?

400

A person with tuberculosis may be placed on this type of precautions

What is airborne precautions?

400

A federal agency that issues guidelines to protect the health of individuals and communities

What is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)?

400

Waste containing blood or body fluids is considered this

What is biohazard waste?

500

An inflammation of the liver caused by certain viruses, medications, trauma, or alcohol abuse

What is hepatitis?

500
Any body opening that allows pathogens into an uninfected person

What is portal of entry

500

This is a type of cleaning method uses steam, dry heat, or liquid or gas chemicals

What is sterilization?

500

A bacteria that has become resistant to vancomycin

What is vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE)?

500

This term describes skin that is broken by abrasions, cuts, and lesions

What is non-intact skin

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