Africa to the World
Fusions and Hybridities
Empire and Heroes of Resistance
Portuguese Voices of Hawai´i

Slavery did not exist in Africa before the Europeans arrived.

False - “Africans had held slaves and traded them long before the Europeans entered the market. African peoples throughout West Africa took captives in warfare and kept slaves as a means of incorporating foreigners into the society.”


Both deculturation and neoculturation are part of the process of transculturation.

True - According to Fernando Ortiz --> disadjustment + readjustment + deculturation, acculturation =  transculturation


Mention one event that facilitated the growth of the sugar industry in Hawaiʻi

What is the US Civil War?   

What is the Great Mahele?    

What is the Reciprocity Act?


The ukulele is an instrument that Portuguese immigrants to Hawaiʻi brought with them from Madeira.

False - The ukulele was made in Hawai'i by Portuguese immigrants who combined two different types of instruments from Portugal. The ukulele didn't exist before it was first made through this fusion in Hawai'i.


Due to Roatán's position as a point of interception for treasures transported from Honduras by Spanish ships , this type of person would hang out and hide. 

What is a pirate? 


The demand for this crop in the 16th and 17th century stimulated pirate activity, colonization of the New World, growth of slavery, brutal wars and revolutions.

What is sugar? 


This religion combines Yoruban beliefs and Catholicism and  didn't exist before slavery in the Caribbean.  

What is Santería? 


In the early 20th century, political cartoons would portray the people from these 3 places as uneducated and unruly children unable to govern themselves. 

What is Cuba, Hawai'i and the Phillipines


This Portuguese instrument from Madeira is known to be the predecessor of the ukulele.

What is the machete? 


Located off the coast of Cameroon near Africa, Portugal discovered and colonized this uninhabited islands in the late 15th century. They set up a sugar-based economy that led to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century. Achieved its independence in 1975. 

what is São Tomé and Príncipe?


This passage was known for the transportation of slaved Africans to the Americas

What is the Middle Passage? 


This Cuban American singer  was known as the "Queen of Salsa".

Who is Celia Cruz? 


We associate Césaria Evora with this island country. 

what is Cape Verde?

Known as the "Merry Monarch", he supported the Ukulele and pushed other Hawaiians to play and develop their own music.  

Who is David Kalakaua?


This Micronesian island of US territory has indigenous people that have been settled there for over 4000 years.  Became US territory in 1898. 

What is Guam. 


Describe Cape Verde’s role in the slave trade.

Everything ran through Cape Verde: slaves being shipped to different countries and the goods that were traded for them. They also had slaves that produced sugar.


The Platt Amendment allowed the US to intervene in the affairs of this island nation.

What is Cuba? 


This war helped the US annexation of Hawai'i, and also gave the US other territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific. 

What is the Spanish-American War?


 The Chamorros are the native people of this island that was ceded to the US at the end of the Spanish American War. Craig Pérez Santos, author of "Praise Song for Oceania" is from here.

What is Guam? 


Located just north of Guam in the Western Pacific, this archipelago consists of 14 islands and the majority of the residents live on Rota, Tinian, Guguan and Saipan. 

What is Northern Marianas.


Malabo, the capital of Equatorial Guinea, is located on this island.

what is Bioko


This Portuguese island had an important role in sugar production. Here, sugar was first refined  in 1432 and by 1460 was the world's largest sugar producer. 

What is Madeira? 


These 2 authors urge their countries to educate themselves and beat the colonizers in the own game. 

Who is José Martí and José Rizal?

Madeira was suffering poverty, famine, and a series of natural disasters that led to the collapse of THIS industry.

What is the wine industry? 


This is an archipelago of 88 islands and islets 30 miles of Guinea-Bissau in West Africa. 

What is Bissagos

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