Inferencing
Author's Purpose
Main Idea
Point of View
Theme
100

What are the two things you NEED to make an inference?

Text evidence and background knowledge

100

Name the 3 types of Author's purpose

Persuade, Inform, Entertain

100

How do we define Main Idea?

What the story is mostly about.

100

List four different kinds of point of view.

1st person

2nd person

3rd person Limited

3rd person Omniscient 

100

Does every text have a theme?

No.

200

Sally was already tired as she brushed her teeth and combed her hair. She left her bathroom and set her alarm for 6:00am and then she laid down in her bed. 

What can you infer that Sally is doing?

Getting ready for bed.

200

Hummingbirds are one of the smallest birds. They live in the Western Hemisphere of the world. Hummingbirds like to drink nectar from flowers but they also eat insects such as mosquitos, spiders, and gnats.

What is the author's purpose in writing this?

To Inform about Hummingbirds.

200

Homemade pizza is delicious. First, make the dough from flour, water, and yeast. After that, begin making the tomato sauce. Next, add any vegetables you like. Then, bake it in the oven. After a short time, the kitchen begins to smell delicious. Soon, it’s ready to eat!

What is the main idea?

How to make a homemade pizza

200

Xavier made sure to pack all of the equipment that he would need for practice. He packed his bat, glove, and baseball cap.

What is the point of view? 

3rd person

200

How do we define theme?

The lesson or moral the reader or character(s) learn in the story.
300

John sat in the seat, put his seat belt on and pushed the pedal. He rammed into the wall. He turned around and began to laugh as he tracked through the course and made it to the finish line.

Bumper cars or go-carts 

300

Rock, paper, scissors is the best way to decide who will go first. It's fair. Most people know how to do rock, paper, scissors. It's quick and easy to do. You shouldn't waste your time with anything else!

What is the author's purpose in writing this?

Persuade

300

I have a dog whose name is Paco. He is almost 10 years old. Paco is very loveable with a brown face and short black fur. He is one of my best friends. He plays with me, sleeps with me, and goes on walks with me. I am so glad to have him around. I love him.

What is the Main Idea. 

The writer's dog is an important part of his life

300

My pal Christopher and I were assigned as the bathroom monitors last week. We made sure everyone was quiet in the restroom all week. 

What is the point of view?

1st person

300

John was in his math class and didn’t understand how to solve a problem. He was afraid to raise his hand. It felt risky because students might think he wasn’t smart. He raised his hand anyway and asked the teacher to explain the problem. The teacher helped him, and he understood what to do!

Taking a risk is more important than making a mistake.

Don't be afraid to make a mistake. 

(Answers may vary)

400

Sara couldn’t wait for today! After the long summer, she was finally going to get to see her friends again. She grabbed her new books, pencils, and backpack and ran out the door. 

What day is it?

The first day of school or last day of summer.

400

Amir and Amaya walked down the path to the beach. It was their first visit this summer. Amir knew he'd spend the day surfing in the waves. Amaya was excited to build the biggest sandcastle she'd ever built.

What is the author's purpose in writing this?

To entertain
400

I can't wait until this weekend! We’re going to my grandparents’ house and my entire family will be there. I will spend most of my time playing games with my cousins. We always have such a good time together! The day goes by so fast, and by the end we are all exhausted... but we still don’t want to leave! 

What is the Main Idea?

The narrator enjoys spending time with his family.

400

Imagine that you are walking into the lunchroom. There are so many open seats, but you can’t seem to decide where to sit. What do you do?

What is the point of view? 

2nd person

400

Mary works at improving her reading skills each night. First, she reads to her brother. Then she completes her homework. She didn’t make the reading team at school, but she’s focused on her goals and knows her work will pay off in the future.

What is a theme from this excerpt?

Hard work pays off.

(Answers may vary)

500

James had a fear of trying out for the school play. He liked singing and acting, but he was just too afraid to try out for anything. "You remind me of how I was long ago," said his grandfather. His words were warm and wise. "I once did not have confidence. I realized that I can do anything if I at least try," said his grandfather. 

Why did James' grandfather decide to share this story with him?

He was trying to encourage James to audition for the play.

500

Normally, in a fictional book or story what is the author's purpose?

What about in Non-finciton?

To Entertain 

To either Persuade or Inform

500

Wilbur and Orville Wright were brothers who were inventors, even from a young age when they built kites and bicycles. Many people credit the Wright Brothers with designing and building the first successful airplane. In 1903, their first flight only lasted 12 seconds, but it continues to inspire people all over the world to learn about science and math, to work hard to realize their dreams, and to use imagination to achieve success.

What is the Main Idea?

The Wright Brothers were inventors who have inspired many people.

500

“I can’t believe we are going sing in front of the whole  school!” Anna said excitedly as she led the group to the front of the auditorium.

What is the point of view?

3rd person

500

I studied all night for this test. I was nervous because when I studied, everything made sense and it felt like I knew it. Surely, I was missing something. When I took the test it felt a little too easy. This also made me nervous. But then, my score was a 100!

What is a theme from this passage?

People often know more than they think they do. 

Hard work pays off

(answers may vary)


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