Imperfect
Pret vs. Imperfect
Constructions with 'se'
Adverbs
En el consultorio
100

I was walking (caminar)

caminaba

100

I was watching TV when the phone rang. (mirar/sonar)

Miraba la tele cuando sonó el teléfono.

Here you have an ongoing action (imperfect) with an interrupting action (preterite).

100

Nurses needed.

Se necesitan enfermeras.

100
Make these adjective into adverbs:

alegre

alegremente

100

doctor's office

el consultorio

200

She was eating (comer)

comía

200

She was drawing while she was listening to music. (dibujar/escuchar)

Ella dibujaba mientras escuchaba la música.

(When you have two ongoing actions (your clue is 'mientras') use the imperfect for both verbs)

200

Spanish spoken.

Se habla español.

(Note that languages are not capitalized)

200

gradual

gradualmente

200

head ache

dolor de cabeza

300

They used to write (escribir)

escribían

300

Suddenly, the phone rang. (sonar)

De repente, sonó el teléfono.

(When things happen 'suddenly' or 'immediately', use preterite)

300

I forgot my keys at home. (Use the "accidental se")

Se me olvidaron las llaves en casa.

300

maravilloso

maravillosamente

300
a cold

el resfriado

400

I was/used to be - ser

era

400

The women were tall and friendly.

Las mujeres eran altas y amables.

 (Use 'ser' in the imperfect to describe phsycial description and personality traits)

400

The waitress broke the dishes. (accidental 'se')

A la camarera se le rompieron los platos.

400

afortunado

afotunadamente

400

emergency room

la sala de emergencias

500

they were going/they used to go (ir)

iban

500

It was 4:30 pm.

Eran las cuatro y media de la tarde.

(Use the imperfect to talk about time in the past)

500

You dropped the cup. (caer/la taza)

Se te cayó la taza.

For sentences involving the accidental 'se':

1.  Always start your sentences with 'se'

2.  Add the indirect object pronoun (to whom is the action happening?)

3.  Make the verb agree with the object (in this case: la taza)

500

frecuente

frecuentemente

500

symptom

el síntoma

Review vocab on p.366.  Be prepared to describe pictures of people and their symptoms.

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