Vocabulary
name the fallacy
type of reasoning
Philosophers
100

The science of reasoning to find right and wrong 

Logic

100

Arguing against an oversimplified or otherwise distorted version of your opponents argument

Straw man fallacy 

100

Determining when you should leave for work based upon traffic patterns 

inductive reasoning 

100

Wrote the Book of Truth and made the Platonist Academy of the Thought.

Plato

200

The process of reasoning from one or more statements to reach a logical conclusion

Deductive reasoning 

200

If we allow the children to choose the movie this time, they are going to expect to be able to choose the school they go to or the doctors they visit.

Slippery slope 

200

It is dangerous to drive on icy streets, the streets are icy now, it is dangerous to drive

deductive reasoning 

200

Father of western philosophy

Socrates

300

Involves drawing a general conclusion from a set of specific observations

Inductive reasoning 

300

If my brother likes to eat a lot of pizza and French fries, and he is healthy, I can say that pizza and French fries are healthy and don't really make a person fat.

Hasty generalization 

300

Acute angles are less than 90 degrees. This angle is 40 degrees, so it must be an acute angle. 

Deductive reasoning 

300

The originator of Ethos, Logos, Pathos. 

Aristotle 

400

A mistaken belief, especially one based on unsound argument.

Fallacy 

400

You're argument is weak because your hair is red. 

ad hominem 

400

Every time you start to eat peanuts you start to cough. You are allergic to peanuts. 

Inductive reasoning 

400

He is key contribution lies in his focus on the formal and systematic character of logic as a “strongly proven” doctrine. He insists that formal logic should abstract from all content of knowledge and deal only with our faculty of understanding and our forms of thought. who is this man?

Immanuel Kant
500

This fallacy occurs when, instead of addressing someone's argument or position, you irrelevantly attack the person or some aspect of the person who is making the argument

Ad hominem 

500

When your mom gets your phone bill and you have gone over the limit, you begin talking to her about how hard your math class is and how well you did on a test today.

Red herring 

500

Michael just moved here from Chicago. Michael has red hair, all people from Chicago have red hair. 

Inductive reasoning 

500
Who established the Algebra of Logic 

George Boole

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