Mesopotamia: Basic Facts
Meso Geography
Mesopotamia Civilization
Mesopotamia Life
Mesopotamia Government

100

Which continent is this civilization located on? 

Asia

100

Mesopotamia is located in the Middle East called the _________________. *Think of the shape* 

Fertile Crescent 

100

What is the first civilization called? 

Sumer 

100

What were homes made out of? 

Mud Brick

100

True or False: Mesopotamia called their rulers "Ensi" 

True! 

200

What is the climate of Mesopotamia?

Hot and Dry 

200

True or False: When the rivers flooded, this led to MIGRATION which provided water for the soil and crops.

False! It is called- Irrigation

200

In Ancient Mesopotamia, most people knew how to read and write. What was the first form of writing called? 

Cuneiform 

200

Larger cities led to more job opportunities. What are some of these new jobs?

Priests

Scribes

Merchants

Craftsmen

Soldiers

Civil Servants

Laborers

200

True or False: Mesopotamia were NOT the ones who invented the government that we have today. 

False! They did:) 

300

The floods in this civilization provided __________ which supplied water for good soil and helped grow crops.

Irrigation 

300

Fields that were not used for crops were used for _________________.

*Hint: It means to trade animals* 

Domesticating Animals


300

Someone who moves and travels from place to place with no secured place to live is called a what?

Nomad


300

Who was the most famous Sumerian king and a famous work of literature was based off of him? What was the work called?

Gilgamesh. 

The work was called The Epic Tale of Gilgamesh. 

300

Who was at the top of Mesopotamia's class system?

Kings
400

What are the two primary crops that Mesopotamia had? 

Wheat and Barley 

400

Why do you think people wanted to settle on the plain in the middle of the rivers? *Think of all of the reasons! 

  1. Water
  2. Farming
  3. Food
  4. To Build Things (shelter, homes, tools, etc.) 
  5. Helps the Animals 
  6. Bathing
  7. Swimming
  8. Transportation 
400

What is Sumer often called? 

*Hint: The FIRST civilization--new born baby* 

The Cradle of Civilization

400

True or False: Clothing was made from sheepskin or wool.

True! 

400

True or False: Each city-state had their own god. 

True! 

500

What are the rivers in Mesopotamia called? 

Tigris River and Euphrates River in Mesopotamia. 


500

Why were there walls built around the city-state?

City-States often fought each other for their property and their goods:        

Built walls around their city-state to protect themselves from invaders and they only went outside the walls they built to farm 

500

How did Mesopotamia get goods that they could NOT produce naturally? 

By trading with other countries. They used boats, camels, and their own 2 feet to transport goods from one place to another.

500

True or False: A ziggurat is a rectangular stepped tower that looked like a pyramid with a flat top. This was the city-state temple.

True! 

500

What were created that citizens must follow or they would face punishment? 

Laws 

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