Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Macromolecules
100
The monomer
What are amino acids?
100
Monomers
What are nucleotides?
100
monomer
What are monosaccharides?
100
Most common monomer of lipids
What is triglyceride?
100
Enzymes lower the _________ _______ to speed up the chemical reaction.
What is activation energy?
200
The bond between the monomers.
What is a peptide bond?
200
Nucleic acids are made up of these elements...
What are Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and sometimes Phosphorous?
200
Function.
What is short term energy and cell wall?
200
Has only single bonds and is solid at room temperature.
What is saturated lipid (fat)?
200
Carries oxygen in the blood to the rest of the body
What is hemoglobin?
300
A type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions by lowering activation energy.
What are Enzymes?
300
Three components of a nucleotide.
What are phosphate group, 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenous base?
300
How animals store carbohydrates.
What is gylcogen?
300
Two main functions.
What are long term energy (stored energy), insulation of heat and to make cell membrane?
300
Two main components of the cell membrane.
What are phopholipids (lipid) and proteins?
400
Function that proteins have that overlaps with lipids.
What is cell membrane?
400
structure of DNA
What is double stranded double helix?
400
Examples are cellulose, starch and glycogen.
What are polysaccharides?
400
Elements found in lipids.
What are Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen?
400
Process of making a polymer.
What is polymerization?
500
The functions of proteins
What are for Structural support, membranes, protection, catalysts (enzymes), transport, defense (anti-bodies), non-steriod hormones, regulation, movement (remember MEANS)
500
There are ___ amino acids and ___ of them are essential
What are 20 and 8?
500
the storage unit of carbohydrates in plants.
What is starch?
500
This is an important lipid that is the precursor to many other lipids such as vitamin D.
What is cholesterol?
500
These lipids are found in the cell membrane.
What are phosphlipids?
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