Cutting the Fat
Urine Trouble
Sugar Daddy
I'm a liver, not a fighter
Gut Feeling
100

Obesity is weighing this much above ideal body weight.

What is 20%?

100

This causes an increased BUN, creatinine, and confusion in elderly, but can easily be prevented with proper handwashing, hygiene, and avoiding indwelling catheters.

What is a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)?

100

This medication, prescribed to decrease inflammation, causes glucose intolerance and hyperglycemia.

What is prednisone?

100

To manage this disorder, avoid foods high in fat to prevent obstruction that causes pain.

What is biliary colic?

100

Lactase, sucrase, and amylase are enzymes released to break down this substance.

What are carbohydrates?

200

This medication causes oily stools and potential severe liver damage, as observed by dark urine, light stools, jaundice, anorexia, vomiting, and fatigue.

What is Orlistat?

200

This disorder occurs when too much antidiuretic hormone is released and the body retains water becoming oliguric.

What is SIADH?

200

This medical emergency can be prevented by drinking fluids, monitoring glucose every four hours and administering insulin when ill, and checking urine every 24 hours.

What is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)?

200

These are nonpharmacological interventions to address pain after a cholecystectomy.

What is a back rub, splinting, repositioning, and reassessing pain?

200

An upper GI bleed has this appearance and is very different than a lower GI bleed which looks like this.

What is black, tarry stool versus bright or dark red blood.

300

This disorder places someone at greater risk of infection, ulcers, and fractures and is characterized by the "buffalo hump", "moon face", and additional weight carried on the abdomen.

What is Cushing's disease?

Cushing's disease is too much ACTH that causes increased sodium and high cortisol levels.

300

This is the most life-threatening fluid/electrolyte imbalance in patients with kidney disorders.

What is hyperkalemia?

300

This medication, contraindicated in pregnancy, causes the pancreas to produce more insulin while this medication causes the pancreas to release more insulin.

What is Glyburide and Glipizide?

300

Hepatitis A and E are prevented by doing this, while hepatitis C is prevented by refraining from this.

What is hand hygiene and sexual contact?

300

This disease can result in dental erosion, ulcerations in the pharynx and esophagus, strictures, adenocarcinoma, and pulmonary complications.

What is GERD?

400

This disorder is characterized by weight loss, increased appetite, increased perspiration, fatigue, menstrual irregularities, restlessness and, when left untreated, can cause a crisis.

What is hyperthyroidism?

400

Diabetes is the primary cause and hypertension is the second leading cause of this disorder that leads to end-stage renal disease if left untreated.

What is chronic kidney disease?

400

This presents as sweating, tremors, tachycardia, palpitations, nervousness, hunger, inability to concentrate, headache, confusion, slurred speech, and drowsiness.

What is hypoglycemia?

400

While this does not typically originate in the liver, this presents as dull, persistent pain in the RUQ/back/epigastric area, weight loss, anemia, anorexia, weakness, jaundice, and sometimes ascites.

What is liver cancer?

400

These tubes allow for decompression, drainage, aspiration, lavage, and infusions, but may not remain in place longer than 4 weeks.

What are gastric and enteric tubes?

500

During an ACTH stimulation test, we observe no change in plasma cortisol, an increase in serum sodium, and a decrease in urinary output to confirm an ACTH deficiency, which is this disease.

What is Addison's disease (aka hypocortisolism or primary adrenal insufficiency)?

Addison's disease has low serum sodium, increased urine output, and steady cortisol levels.

500

Hypoperfusion, damage, or obstruction are these types of acute kidney injury.

What is prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal?

500

Confusion, balance problems, ataxia, weight loss, excessive thirst without changes in blood glucose are signs of this.

What is diabetes insipidus?

500

Decreasing protein intake, abstaining from alcohol, decreasing fluid intake, administering lasix, and eating a low sodium diet are ways to manage this condition.

What is cirrhosis?

500

This is the correct order for an abdominal assessment.

What is inspection, auscultation, percussion, and palpation?

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