Vocabulary
Weather
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100

The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.

Weather

100

Which is most responsible for the changes in the seasons?

Jet Stream     OR      The tilt of the Earth on its axis

The tilt of the Earth on its axis. 

100
When cirrus clouds are in the sky, what is the most likely weather condition?

a) Rainy

b) Cloudy

c) Fair

C)  Fair 

100

After lake water flows through a dam, which processes are most responsible for helping replace the water in the lake?

a) Precipitation and runoff

b) Condensation and runoff

c) Transpiration and condensation

A) Precipitation and runoff 

100

How does the Gulf Stream affect area on the NC coast?

a) It causes winds to move north to south during winter

b) It causes land temps to be colder during winter

c) It causes land temps to be milder during winter

C) It causes land temps to be milder during winter

200

The continuous movement of water on, above, and below Earth's surface.

Water Cycle

200

In NC, the wind is blowing from the North.  If the wind changes direction and begins to blow from the south, what will most likely happen? 

Temps will increase, temps will decrease, or temp will stay the same?

Temps will increase. 

200
A hurricane can be described best as a...

a) Low-pressure system

b) High-pressure system

c) Cold front

A) Low-pressure system

200

Liquids are used in thermometers because...

a) Most liquids melt when heated and freeze when cooled

b) Most liquids contract when heated and expand when cooled

c) Most liquids expand when heated and contract when cooled

c) Most liquids expand when heated and contract when cooled

200

Rain will turn to snow at what two temps?

a) 0 degrees Fahrenheit, 32 degrees Celsius

b) 0 degrees Celsius, 32 degrees Fahrenheit


B)  0 degrees Celsius, 32 degrees Fahrenheit

300

The measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface.

Air Pressure

300

Which explains why a storm that affects an area in the western US may affect an area in the eastern US a few days later? 

Jet stream winds blow storms from east to west.

                                  OR

Jet stream winds blow storms from west to east.

Jet stream winds blow storms from west to east. 

300

How does the Sun's energy influence weather?

a) The Sun traps water particles in clouds

b) The Sun creates winds in the atmosphere

c) The Sun helps turn liquid water into water vapor

C) The Sun helps turn liquid water into water vapor.

300

On a summer day, a warm moist air mass passes over a colder air mass in Forest City, NC.  What will most likely happen next?

a) Skies will clear

b) Rain will fall

c) Cirrus clouds will form

B) Rain will fall

300

This weather pattern causes unusually warm waters in the Pacific Ocean?

a) La Nina

b) El Nino

c) Sea Breezes

B) El Nino

400

This tool measures humidity.  What is it called? 

Hygrometer

400

What causes the grass to be wet with dew in the morning even when it didn't rain overnight? 

a) water evaporated from the trees

b) the grass soaked up water from the ground 

c) when the air cooled above the ground during the night, water vapor condensed on the grass.

C)  When the air cooled above the ground during the night, water vapor condensed on the grass. 

400

When water droplets form on the outside of a cold glass of water, on a hot summer day, which part of the water cycle is happening? 

Condensation

400

This is most responsible for the movement of weather systems across the US...

a) Jet Stream

b) Gulf Stream

c) Prevailing Westerlies

C) Prevailing Westerlies

400

If air pressure increases, how will weather change?

a) Skies will become more clear

b) More clouds will form

c) Severe weather will form

A) Skies will become more clear

500

Bands of high-speed winds about 10 km above Earth's surface. 

Jet Stream

500

What is a factor that causes day to day weather change?

a) rotation of the Earth

b) Moving air masses

c) action of the winds

b)  Moving air masses.

500

This instrument is best used to predict weather changes...

a) Hygrometer

b) Thermometer

c) Barometer

C) Barometer

500

Which is an example of climate?

a) Getting several inches of snow over a few days

b) The average high temperature is 70 degrees F

c) A thunderstorm traveling through a region

B) The average high temperature is 70 degrees F

500

__________________ winds have the most direct impact on the US weather.

a) Polar Easterlies

b) Trade Winds

c) Prevailing Westerlies

C) Prevailing Westerlies

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