Minerals
Elements
Properties
Identify
Extra
100
What is a mineral (5 things)?
Naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline structure, & Definite chemical composition.
100
The smallest part of an element is called what?
What is an atom?
100
The powder a mineral gives off on a streak plate is called what?
What is streak?
100
A mineral that contains carbon, oxygen, and iron would be classified as what?
What is Carbonate?
100
The central region of an atom is called what?
What is the nucleus
200
Why is ice a mineral and water is not?
Ice is a solid and water is not. (Crystalline structure)
200
An atom that loses or gains electrons is called what?
What is an Ion?
200
The appearance or quality of light given off by a mineral is called what?
What is Luster?
200
What is the main element in the sulfate and sulfide group?
What is sulfur?
200
Name the 3 types of chemical bonds.
What is Ionic, covalent, and metallic bonds.
300
What causes a mineral to either fracture or show cleavage?
Internal atomic structure
300
Isotopes differ in the number of what?
What is a Neutron?
300
What are minerals classified by?
What is composition?
300
In the earths crust what is the most common mineral group to be found?
What is Silicates?
300
In the chemical equation below what type of bond does it show? Na1+ + Cl1-  NaCl
What is Ionic?
400
What is the process called when a mineral forms from magma?
What is Crystallization
400
If you have Carbon-14, which has 6 protons, how many neutrons would you have?
What is 8 neutrons?
400
What determines the properties of a mineral (2 things)?
What is composition and structure?
400
What element has the highest percentage (or weight) in the Earth’s continental crust?
What is oxygen?
400
What is the density of a mineral with a mass of 4.12g and a volume of 8.2cm3?
What is 5.02 g/cm
500
What type of bonds have a high melting point?
What is Ionic bonds
500
What type of bond has a high melting point?
What is an Ionic Bond?
500
In an element such as chlorite why is color not a good property to look at when trying to determine what the mineral is?
Small amounts of different elements will cause the color to change.
500
How can you determine between talc and gypsum (talc feels different how)?
What is talc has a soapy feel?
500
If high pressure and temperature is used to make a mineral which of the following environments would produce the mineral? a) a cave b) a lava flow c) deep within the Earth d) the ocean
What is C, deep within the Earth?
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