Valence Electrons
Shapes/angles
Bond type
Hybrid Orbitals
Is it Polar?
100

The number of valence electrons found on sulfur

what is 6?

100

The arrangement of electron pairs for an AB4, AB3E, or AB2E2

What is tetrahedral?

100

A bond in which the electronegativity difference is less than 0.4

What is covalent? 

100

These follow similar rules, but are different from atomic orbitals

what are Molecular Orbitals

100

CO2

No

200

the total number of valence electrons in CO2

What is 16

200
Water is "bent" or "v-shaped" because of this "ABE" structure

What is AB2E2?

200

Bonds that frequently form a lattice, or repeating structure

What is ionic?

200

When carbon forms four identical bonds

What are sp3 hybrid orbitals

200

H2O

Yes

300

The elements in this group all have 7 valence electrons

What are halogens?
300

Square pyramidal, T-shaped and Seesaw are all structures based on this many electron pairs.

What is 5

300

Bonds in which atoms share electrons, but not equally

What is polar covalent?

300

A single bond, or the middle of a multiple bond

what is a sigma

\sigma

bond

300

A bond between Boron and Hydrogen

No

400

The total number of valence electrons in SO42-

What is 32?

400

A cube has six sides and all 90o angles. This electron arrangement has six electron pairs, also all 90o angles.

What is octahedral?

400

The energy associated with gaseous ions forming a crystal

What is lattice energy?

400

These share electrons in p orbitals to form double or even triple bonds

What are pi (

\pi

) bonds

400

CCl4 (carbon tetrachloride)

500

This molecule, with an odd number of electrons, is known by a name that makes it sound like a political extremist

What is a "radical" or "free radical."

500

The two angle types expected in an AB5 

What are 90o and 120o

500

The usual range of electronegativity differences for a polar covalent bond

0.4<Electronegativity difference<1.7

500

In order to form a triple bond, these orbitals must be formed

what are sp hybrid orbitals

500

PCl5

No

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