Rhythm & Time
Dynamics
Terminology
History
Articulation
100

This is the most common time signature.

What is 4/4 time?

100

This dynamic marking means "quiet."

What is piano?

100

This is the clef written for lower voices or the pianist's left hand.

What is bass clef?

100

This is the instrument that preceded the piano and could not play dynamics.

What is a harpsichord?

100

This articulation means "detached" or "separated."

What is "staccato?"

200

This note receives two beats in 4/4/ time.

What is a half note?

200

This dynamic marking means "medium."

What is mezzo?

200

This term means to slow down gradually.

What is "ritard" or "ritardando?" 

200

This composer gradually lost his hearing but continued to write, conduct, and perform music.

Who is Ludwig van Beethoven?

200

This articulation means to emphasize a note.

What is "accent?"

300

This number in a time signature represents the number of beats per measure.

What is the top number?

300

This symbol means to grow louder gradually.

What is crescendo?

300

This term means "little by little."

What is "poco a poco?"
300

This Russian composer is known for having very large hands and virtuosic compositions.

Who is Sergei Rachmaninoff? 

300

This articulation means to hold the note out longer.

What is a "fermata?"

400

This number in a time signature represents the type of note that gets the beat.

What is the bottom number?

400

This is another term for "decrescendo."

What is diminuendo?

400

This is the speed of the beat.

What is "tempo?"

400

This is a famous composition by George Frideric Handel which is often performed near the end of December.

What is "The Messiah?"

400

This articulation means to hold a note for its full value with slight emphasis.

What is "tenuto?"

500

This is the term for when the rhythm does not occur on the strong beats.

What is syncopation? 

500

This marking means "suddenly" and is generally written before a dynamic.

What is "subito?"

500

This marking denotes a suddenly loud note.

What is "sforzando?"

500

This composer's first name is "Wolfgang."

Who is "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart?"

500

This line connects notes across barlines.

What is a "tie?"

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