Revealing Science Through Words
Charles Darwin
The Things He Found
The Parts of Natural Selection
Evidence for Evolution
100

Something that we've seen with our own eyes (can be qualitative or quantitative).

What is an observation?
100

This is the name of the book he wrote.

What is the "Origin of Species?"

100

A class of individuals having some common characteristics or qualities. 

What is a species?

100

The process by which organisms that inherit advantageous traits tend to reproduce more successfully. 

What is natural selection?

100

A record of the history of life on Earth that is often found in the ground. 

What are fossils?

200

"What we would expect to observe or see happen if an idea were accurate."

What is a prediction?

200

He traveled on this voyage intending to map the South American coastline. 

What is the HMS Beagle? 

200

One of the species he found had adapted their necks to be able to reach their food sources depending on which island these species lived on. 

What are the Galapagos tortoises?

200

Each species produces more offspring than can survive.

What is overproduction? 

200

Similar anatomy in different types of animals because of common ancestry. 

What are homologous body structures?

300

In science, an observation that has been repeatedly confirmed. 

What is a fact?

300

This is the method by which Darwin proposed that creatures and species change over time. 

What is Natural selection? 

300

Darwin had thought he'd found 14 different species of birds on these islands, but instead, he found he was wrong and had actually found that all 14 species were actually one species. 

What are finches?

300
Individuals compete for limited resources; survival of the fittest. (Hunger Games or Fortnite)

What is adaptation? 

300

"Leftover" traces of organs or bones that no longer serve a purpose. 

What are vestigial organs?

400

A testable statement about the natural world that can be used to build more complex inferences and explanations. 

What is a hypothesis? 

400

This is the name of the islands that Darwin and his crew stopped at during their journey.

What are the Galapagos Islands?

400

The way he found he could distinguish between the variations of the one species of bird that he found was to observe the foods that these birds would eat. Their source of food changed one important part of these bird's bodies. 

What are beaks? 

400

Each individual has a unique combination of inherited traits. 

What is genetic variation?

400

Embryos of all vertebrates are very similar early on. 

What is embryology?

500

A combination of incorporated facts, inferences, and tested hypotheses each point to the same conclusion. It also explains a natural phenomenon. 

What is a theory? 

500

This is the age of Darwin when he was asked to travel around the world to observe nature. 

What is 22 years old?

500
One of the scientists that Darwin had observed that had an impact on his own work. 

Who is Jean Baptiste Lamarck?
Who is Thomas Malthus?

500

Individuals with the best traits/adaptations will survive and have the opportunity to pass on their traits to offspring. (Acts on physical appearance and not genotype.)

What is selection?

500

DNA with similar sequences suggests that these species are more closely related. 

What is biochemical evidence? 

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