Cardiac
Mental Health
Renal
Musculoskeletal
Acid-Base
100

What is endocarditis?

Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and valve

100

meaningless repetition of another person's spoken words

echolalia

100

cause of acute glomerulonephritis

Strep

100

Why do we do traction?

proper bone alignment and relief of spasms

100

what acid-base imbalance will occur in a patient with acute anxiety that is hyperventilating?

What is respiratory alkalosis

200

Name this EKG rhythm 

V-Tach

(ventricular tachycardia)

200

treatment of choice for eating disorders and why?

behavior modification therapy

it allows the patient to maintain control of the situation. 

200

Causes of chronic glomerulonephritis

untreated hypertension and long-term NSAID use

200

When do we get patients up after hip replacment?

as soon as possible. Day of surgery or next day. Do not keep in bed longer than necessary.

200

What is the priority assessment for a patient with an acid-base imbalance and hypoxemia

-Measure O2 saturation

-Lung assessment (breath sounds), Resp. rate.

-skin color, mucous membranes

-Mental status changes

-Observe for SOB with and w/out exertion

-Use of accessory  muscles

-Observe for Orthopnea

-Shape/symmetry of chest

300

What would a mechanical valve sound like?

audible click

300

What other physical issues could mimic depressive disorders?

hypothyroidism

300

the definitive diagnosis for renal failure 

renal biopsy

300

This condition requires frequent rest and exercise without overexertion. 

fibromyalgia

300

What would cause a pt to develop respiratory acidosis?

-renal failure

-starvation (anorexia)

400

Name the side effect of metoprolol that might potentially cause problems for an asthmatic patient?

bronchospasm

400

This happens due to B1-Thiamine deficiency. Signs and symptoms include double vision, loss of muscle control, and inability to learn new tasks.

Wernicke's encephalopathy

400

You should warn your patient to not wear their contacts because they will be ruined when taking what medication?

pyridium (phenazopyridine)

400

The risk associated with an open fracture, skeletal traction that uses pins going directly into the bone

osteomyelitis 

400

What acid-base imbalance would occur if a pt eats 35 tums per day?

metabolic alkalosis

500

Name this cardiac rhythm


A-flutter

500

what are the benefits of using atypical antipsychotics such as risperdal or olanzapine (zyprexa) in shizophrenia?

-reduces extrapyramidal effects (tardive dyskinesia, Parkinsonianism, etc..)

-treats both positive & negative symptoms (hallucinations as well as anhedonia, etc...)

500

What education do you give for a patient with renal calculi

Drink 2 - 3 Liters of water per day

500

An estrogen modulator for post-menopausal women that have osteoporosis. It should not be taken if there is breast cancer or reproductive organ cancer. Notify the physician for vaginal bleeding. 

Evista

500

pH 7.30

pCO2 55

HCO3 23

respiratory acidosis

Click to zoom