Chapters 1-3
Chapters 4-6
Chapters 7-9
Chapters 10-12
Chapters 13-15
Chapters 16-18
100

A science that studies the

interactions between living organisms

and food.

What is nutrition?

100

A simple carbohydrate made up of a single sugar unit.

What is a monosaccharide?

100

Being too heavy for one’s height.

What is overweight?

100

An essential nutrient that must be

consumed for survival.

What is water?

100

defined as the ability to perform

routine physical activity without undue

fatigue

What is fitness?

100

An inability to consistently acquire foods

that are nutritionally adequate and

individually, socially, and culturally

acceptable.

What is food insecurity?

200

Adults from this nation eat more calories than they did 50 years ago.

What is the United States?

200

A simple carbohydrate made up of two sugar units.

What is a disaccharide?

200

Having excess body fat.

What is obese?

200

Transports oxygen and nutrients to cells

and removes carbon dioxide and waste

products.

What is blood?

200

assumes that the

body will adapt to the stresses placed on it

What is the overload principle?

200

Any illness that is related to the consumption of food or

contaminants or toxins in food.

What is a foodborne illness?

300

2/3 der Bürger dieser Nation sind übergewichtig.

Was sind die Vereinigten Staaten?

300

A complex carbohydrate made up of many sugar units.

What is a polysaccharide?

300

A measure of body weight in relation to

height.

What is Body Mass Index (BMI)?

300

Distribution of these affect the distribution of water throughout the body.

What are electrolytes?

300

includes endurance

exercises such as jogging, swimming or

cycling, or any exercise that increases heart

rate and requires oxygen in metabolism

What is aerobic exercise?

300

Microorganisms that can cause disease.

What are pathogens?

400

Another name for energy-yielding nutrients.

What are macronutrients?

400

The type of fiber that doesn't dissolve in water.

What is insoluble?

400

The minimal amount of minutes of physical activity that adults should have per week.

What is 150 minutes?

400

This type of

toxicity is rare as fluid is usually

increased to compensate.

What is sodium toxicity?

400

includes the

circulatory and respiratory systems,

delivering oxygen and nutrients to the cells

What is the cardiorespiratory system?

400

Substances that can cause harm at some level of exposure.

What are toxins?

500

This nutrient makes up more than 60% of the human body.

What is water?

500

This can be added to processed foods to

thicken and reduce fat and calories.

What is fiber?

500

Organic compounds essential in the diet

to promote growth and health

maintenance.

What are Vitamins?

500

an increase in the

pressure of the blood against the arterial

wall

What is hypertension?

500

can be measured

by counting the number of pulses per

minute while at rest

What is the resting heart rate?

500

The transfer of one contaminant from one food, piece of

equipment or person to another.

What is cross-contamination?

600

This dietary reference intake is used to evaluate nutrient intakes of populations.

What are Estimated Average Requirements (EARs)?

600

This nutrient is made of one or more

polypeptide chains folded into a

three-dimensional shape.

What is protein?

600

Die beiden wasserlöslichen Vitamine.

Was sind die Vitamine B und C?

600

Inorganic elements needed by the body

in small amounts for health and

maintenance.

What are minerals?

600

the body’s maximum

ability to generate ATP by aerobic

metabolism during exercise

What is aerobic capacity?

600

Many microorganisms do not cause harm but after reaching

their threshold, however, they can cause foodborne illness.

What is the threshold effect?

700

This dietary reference intake is used recommend specific amounts of nutrients for individuals.

What are Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs)?

700

This type of allergy is triggered when a protein

from the diet is absorbed without being

completely digested.

What is a food allergy?

700

The four vitamins that are fat-soluble.

What are vitamins A, D, E, and K.

700

Needed in the diet in amounts greater than

100 mg per day or are present in the body in

amounts greater than 0.01% of body weight.

What are major minerals?

700

The time between conception and birth,

approximately 40 weeks in humans.

What is gestation?

700

A federal document which provides

recommendations for safeguarding public health

when food is offered to the consumer.

What is the FDA Food Code?

800

This dietary reference intake is used to help with the prevention of nutrient toxicities.

What are Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs)?

800

A rapid, severe allergic reaction.

What is anaphylaxis?

800

The process of adding nutrients to foods.

What is fortification?

800

Required in the diet in amounts less than 100

mg per day or are present in the body in

amounts less than 0.01% of body weight.

What are trace minerals?

800

involves the synthesis of milk

components, including protein, lactose and

lipids, and the movement of the milk

through the milk ducts to the nipple

What is lactation?

800

Gave the FDA authority over food and food

ingredients.


What is the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938?


900

The amount of calories required for a

24-hour period by the body during a

non-active period.

What is Resting Energy Expenditure (REE)?

900

This diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbs.

What is the keto diet?

900

Adding nutrients back to foods that have lost

nutrients due to processing.

What is enrichment?

900

Most abundant mineral in the body.

What is calcium?

900

immature milk, secreted

during the first days after delivery

What is colostrum?

900

A food safety system that focuses on

identifying, preventing, and eliminating

hazards that could cause food-borne

illness.

What is Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP)?

1000

The amount of calories burned by the

human body in one day adjusted to the

amount of activity (sedentary, moderate

or strenous).

What is Total Energy expenditure (TEE)?

1000

These help the immune system in

fighting off foreign bodies.

What are antibodies?

1000

This type of vitamin deficiency can cause night blindness as well as permanent blindness.

What is vitamin A?

1000

This type of mineral deficiency 

can lead to bone

loss, weakness and loss of appetite.

What is phosphorus deficiency?

1000

The let-down of milk is triggered by this

hormone.

What is oxytocin?

1000

About this many people around the world are critically undernourished.

What is 805 million people?

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