Nutrients
Proteins
Carbs & Minerals
Fats & Water
Miscellaneous
100
how does your body get energy
from the food you eat
100
what makes up one molecule of protein?
amino acid
100
what nutrient is the main source of energy for the body?
carbohydrates
100
what is another name for fats
lipids
100
what are the 5 food groups?
Bread and cereal Vegetable Fruit Milk meat
200
what unit is used to measure the amount of energy in food?
Calorie
200
what does your body use proteins for?
replacement and repair of body cells and for growth.
200
what are the 3 types of carbohydrates?
sugar, starch, fiber
200
what do fats do?
provide energy and help your body absorb vitamins.
200
how are vitamins classified?
water-soluble and fat-soluble
300
define nutrients
substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cell development, growth, and repair.
300
what are essential amino acids?
proteins that cannot be made by the body's cells and must be supplied by the foods you eat
300
name 3 examples of simple carbohydrates
table sugar, fruits, honey, milk
300
why does your body need water?
Your cells need water to carry out their work and Almost all chemical reactions in the body need to take place in a solution.
300
why was the food pyramid developed?
to help people select foods that supply all the nutrients needed for energy and growth.
400
Define calorie
A calorie is the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water 1ÂșC
400
how many amino acids in various combinations does your body need?
20
400
name 3 examples of complex carbohydrates
potatoes, pasta, cereals and breads
400
why do you get thirsty?
When your body needs to replace lost water, messages are sent to your brain that result in a feeling of thirst.
400
what is the purpose of food labels?
These labels can help you plan meals that supply the daily recommended amounts of nutrients
500
what are the 6 kinds of nutrients?
proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, water, vitamins, fats
500
what are 3 types of foods that supply essential amino acids?
eggs, milk, cheese, meat
500
what do minerals do?
build cells, take part in chemical reactions, send nerve impulses throughout the body, and carry oxygen to body cells.
500
what is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats?
unsaturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature and saturated fats are usually solid at room temperature.
500
list 2 examples of vitamins that are needed for the body and what are they used for?
vitamin k - clot vitamin d - calcium for bones
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