Nutrients
The Food Pyramid
Vocabulary
Part I
Parts of a Plant
Vocabulary Part II
100
These are your body's main source of energy. They are the main nutrient in breads, grains, and potatoes
What are carbohydrates (carbs)?
100
You find a lot this in foods like donuts, sugary treats and fast foods. Try not to eat too many of these.
What are Fats?
100
This is the part of a plant responsible for performing photosynthesis
What is the leaf
100
The part of a plant responsible for holding seeds
The fruit
100
Something you do so often you do not even think about it.
What is a habit?
200
These give your body more energy than any other kind of nutrient. Your body stores this when you do not use the food energy you take in. Sweets and fast foods have a lot of these, so choose these foods carefully!
What are fats?
200
This group contains cheese, milk, and yogurt
What is the dairy group?
200
All the things used to make food.
What are ingredients?
200
List the 6 parts of a plant
Roots, stems, seeds, fruit, leaves, flowers
200
the 3 MACROnutritents
Proteins, Fats, Carbs
300
These give you energy, and also help repair and build your muscles. Eggs, meat and fish are good sources.
What are proteins?
300
This is the most important group in the pyramid because these foods are low in fat and high in nutrients and fiber. You should have 5 servings of this group a day.
What is the vegetables group?
300
The measured amount of a type of food you would eat in a meal or a snack.
What is a serving size?
300
List 2 stems that you eat
asparagus, celery,
300
List 6 food groups on the food pyramid
Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, Fats/Sweets, Dairy, Meat
400
This "nutrient" makes up more than half of your body and is needed for life. It helps break down foods and carries away waste. You should have at least 8 servings a day!
What is water?
400
How many calories should the average person eat in a day?
What is 2000
400
These types of fats are often found in fast food and are very bad for you
What is trans fats
400
The part of a plant responsible for transporting nutrients
What is the stem
400
Part of a food package that contains its nutritional and ingredient information.
What is a food label?
500
These two types of micronutrients help your body grow, work, and do certain things. They are found at the bottom of the nutrition label
What are vitamins and minerals?
500
Tortillas, pasta, and bread are in this group. Try out the whole grain versions for a healthier choice. They are usually low in fat, and contain carbohydrates.
What is the Grains group?
500
List 3 sources of healthy fats
What is nuts, avocados, and oil
500
What is the function of the roots?
Absorb nutrients and water from the soil
500
This breaks down large nutrients in your stomach and small intestine.
What are digestive juices?
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