Grammar Translation Approach
Reading Approach
The Silent Way
Total Physical Response
Communicative Approach
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What is grammar translation?

In grammar-translation classes, students learn grammatical rules and then apply those rules by translating sentences between the target language and the native language.

100

What is reading approach?

Reading becomes important because it is an active skill which involves inferencing, guessing, predicting etc. It also has, more often than not, a communicative function.

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What exactly is the Silent Way?

Is a Unconventional Language Teaching Method, The Silent Way belongs to a tradition that views learning as a problemsolving, creative, discovering activity, in which the learner is a principal actor rather than a bench-bound listener.

100

What is Total Physical Response?

Is a language teaching method built around the coordination of speech and action; it attempts to teach language through physical (motor) activity.

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What is Communicative Approach?

The communicative approach is based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language.

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2 characteristics of Grammar Translation Method.

1) Classes are taught in the mother tongue, with little active use of the target language.

2) Much vocabulary is taught in the form of lists of isolated words.

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2 advantages of Reading Approach.

1. Reading approach can be used in a big class.

2. Students can know much vocabulary because they have to read the passage.

3. Students focus what they are studying because they only learn grammar.

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What is the Main feature of Silent Way.

The Silent Way is characterized by its focus on discovery, creativity, problem solving and the use of supplementary materials.

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3 benefits of TPR are:

It helps students remember new phrases or words

It can be used in both large and small classes

It doesn’t require much preparation.

It gets students excited about learning and involved in the lesson

It is effective for all age groups and abilities.

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What is the main characteristic of Communicative approach?

CLT focuses on the fluency of the learners rather than the accuracy of the grammar.
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Mention a disadvantage of GTM.

Grammar Translation Method mainly a teacher-centred method that’s why learners get less opportunity to interact with the teachers.

300

1 activity using Reading Approach.

Read a story.

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2 Potential problems with the Silent Way.

1. It may feel strange and scary to some students.

2. It may be challenging for some students.

3. Students may feel that they are not getting enough feedback.

4. Progress may look different than with other methods.

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Some haracteristics of the total physical response method.

Movement

Play

Imitation

Gestures

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What is the role of the students in CLT?

The role of the students is to speak in the target language.

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What is the role of the student in GTM?

The role of the students is to follow the teachers directions and to use the target language through translations.

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2 characteristics of Reading Approach.

1. The teaching grammar is restricted. It is only taught through the Reading comprehension.

2. The presentation of vocabulary is highly controlled at the beginning and then expanded at later stages.

400

Why might you decide to use the Silent Way method?

Improved problem-solving skills.

A positive, safe learning environment: Limited input from the teacher means almost no criticism.

Student-directed learning.

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What is the teacher role in TPR?

Plays mainly an active role, since he directs the actions carried out by his students. Likewise, the teacher is the one who decides the content, presents the models, selects the support materials and directs the interactions. Furthermore, he is responsible for providing the best possible exposure to the language so that language learners can assimilate the basic rules and develop speaking skills at their own natural pace, with little correcting of mistakes at first.

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1 activity using CLT.

Unrehearsed speech.

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1 activity using the GTM.

A matching exercise.

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3 tips to make Reading with your child more effective.

Show the cover of the book.

Test your child´s interest and progress.

Make it engaging.

Get feedback.

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1 activity using the Silent Way.

Discover new words on a text by themselves.

500

Total Physical Response Activities,mention 2.

Group Singing.

Simple Simon Says.

Mime activities.

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2 advantages of Communicative Approach

Learner-Oriented.

Personalized Language.

Efficient.

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