Prehistory
Early Civilizations
Ancient China and India
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
100

What is an archeologist?

a person who studies artifacts (objects and bones of ancient humans)

100

What where was Mesopotamia located? 

between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, 

100

What is the Mandate From Heaven?

dynastic cycle-ruler has support from God, loses support when war, famine, natural disasters occur, gets replaced

100

What Greek city is the home of democracy?

Athens

100

What is a patrician? Plebeian?

upper class Roman, lower class Roman

200
What is an anthropologist?

someone who studies the cultural significance of ancient artifacts

200

What is a ziggurat? What is cuneiform?

terraced pyramid structure (religious temple), writing using clay tablets

200

Explain Buddha's teachings in around 20 words.

people are unhappy because they want, if they don't want they don't suffer, Eightfold Path (live right)

200

What is a direct democracy?

people vote directly

200

What made the laws? Who acted as a President (enforcing the laws)?

senator, consul

300

List three details about people who lived in the Paleolithic Age.

caves, cave art, nomads, hunter-gatherers, tools from stone and bones

300

Summarize the accomplishments of ONE the following people: Sargon, Nebuchadnezzar, and Darius I.

Sargon-first empire, Nebuchadnezzar-hangings gardens of Babylon, Darius-massive Persian Empire

300

In what ways was Mohenjo-Daro civilized for its time?

urban planning, grid system, drainage and sewer system, equal-sized housing and streets

300

Give three examples of the influence of Ancient Greece on Western civilization. 

philosophy, literature, architecture, theater (drama and comedy), mathematics

300

What is a gladiator?

a person who fought for entertainment

400

List four details about how people lived during the The Neolithic (New Stone Age).


agriculture, surplus food, stayed in one location, specialized labor, wealth inequality

400

Explain Hammurabi’s Code in 30-40 words.

not fair, different punishments for different classes, first written code of law

400

Describe the Hindu caste system.


priests and rulers, warriors, merchants, peasants

untouchables


400

What were two major differences between Athens and Sparta?

Athens-education and philosophy, democracy

Sparta-military, oligarchy

400

List three major contributions of Roman culture.

architecture, alphabet, Christianity, politics

500

What are the seven basic features that define civilization?

governmental institutions, religion, writing, arts and architecture, public works, specialized labor
500

Describe the geography of Ancient Egypt. (4 details)

along Nile river, delta at mouth, cataracts, red and black land

500

What are the main ideas of Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism?

Confucianism-harmony in social relationships

Daoism-harmony with nature

Legalism-follow the rules or suffer harsh punishments

500

What were three reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire?

corruption, political conflict, overexpansion, strength of Constantinople, barbarian invasions, economic problems

600

What are the two most important things we remember about the Old Kingdom? Name and describe one famous ruler from the New Kingdom.

Old-pyramids, mummification

New-Hatshepsut (trade and arts), Thutmose III (expanded Egypt to largest boundaries), Ramses II (military success, temples)

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