Comprehension
Oral Language
Fluency Instruction
Words that Start with Ph-
Extra!
200

A text that reports factual information and the relationships among idea

 What is expository/informational text?

200

A word that refers to the study of word meanings (HINT: it starts with s-).

What is semantics?

200

A term for any skilled and complex behavior that can be performed easily with little attention, effort, or consciousness.

What is automaticity?

200

The pairing of letters with the sounds that they make.

What is phonics?

200

The category of text that can be read in a newspaper or a cookbook.

What is expository text?

400

Activating background knowledge

What is the connection students make to prior experience while reading?

400

The awareness of and interest in word meanings.

What is word consciousness?

400

A type of oral reading where the teacher reads a sentence, followed by the student(s)

What is echo reading?

400

The smallest speech sound.

What is a phoneme?

400

Words that appear often in text and are high utility.

What are high frequency words?

600

A strategy used after reading to retell what the story was about.

What is summarizing?

600

Hearing and production of speech sound.

What is phonology?
600

Less than 90% reading accuracy indicates that a text is not appropriate for fluency instruction.

What is the frustration level?

600

Based on the alphabetic principle, the units that are represented by graphemes in spoken words

What are phonemes?

600

The  level at which you can understand what you hear.

What is listening comprehension?

800

A comprehension strategy where good readers make informed suggestions about what will happen before and during reading.

What is predicting?

800

The main part of a word. Affixes are added to it to make a new word.

What is a root word?

800

95-100% reading accuracy of a text.

What is the independent level?

800

An umbrella term for words, syllables, onsets, rimes, and phonemes

What is phonological awareness?

800

The category of text that can be read in a novel or a diary entry

What is narrative text?

1000

A strategy where the teacher prompts students with questions that encourage students to actively engage with the story. Responsibility is gradually released to the students.

What is dialogic reading?

1000

The study of speech sounds.

What is phonology?

1000

Paired students take turns reading a book aloud, providing corrective feedback.

What is peer-assisted reading?

1000

Children learn to recognize and identify individual sounds in a word.

What is phoneme isolation?

1000

Students are encouraged to activate this before reading a new text

What is background knowledge?

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