Course Concepts
1861 - 1906
World War I
World War II
Cold War Era
100

A form of strategy which seeks “the gradual erosion of an enemy nation’s will or means to resist” best describes:

Exhaustion

100

On May 4, 1864, Union General Ulysses S. Grant started the _______________ through Virginia. This campaign includes the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, and paved the way for the Siege of Richmond and Petersburg. 

Overland Campaign

100

_______________________ was one of the primary factors that led to the United States declaring war on Germany in 1917.

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

100

One of the keys to British success in the Battle of Britain was that their air force was part of the ___________________ (the first true integrated air defense system (IADS), giving the British the ability to see, control, and influence what was happening using maximum economy of force.

Dowding System

100

It was originally developed in 1954 and is the longest continuously produced military aircraft in history. Its versatility is evident in its use as a troop, medivac, and cargo aircraft, as well as a gunship, airborne assault platform, search and rescue, scientific research support, weather reconnaissance, aerial refueling, maritime patrol, and aerial firefighting. It embodies the concept of Combat Airlift.

C-130 Hercules

200

The long-range plans and policies for using diplomatic, military and other resources to achieve objectives for coalitions and nations fit into which level of war?

Strategic

200

Seen as a decisive battle, it was here that the Japanese Navy defeated Russia's Baltic Fleet which resulted in peace talks mediated by President Theodore Roosevelt.

Battle of Tsushima

200

The ________________ was the German plan to quickly defeat France and then focus on Russian defeat on an assumed mobilization schedule. 

Schlieffen Plan

200

On 9 August 1945, the U.S. dropped the atomic bomb on this Japanese city, resulting in Japan's unconditional surrender.

Nagasaki

200

In late November 1950, the 1st Marine Division and elements of the Army's 7th Infantry Division were surrounded by over 50,000 Chinese soldiers at the ________________. By 10 December, the survivors made it to the port city of Hungnam for evacuation by sea.

Chosin Reservoir

300

The employment of individual units in a single battle or the ordered arrangement and maneuver of units in relation to each other and/or to the enemy on the battlefield, best describes which level of war?

Tactical

300

In 1861, Union Major General Winfield Scott proposed a slow, gradual approach to defeating the Confederacy that included sending a military force down the Mississippi River in conjunction with a naval blockade. This melding of the strategies of attrition and exhaustion was termed the ___________________.

Anaconda Plan

300

In 1916, Germany transitioned to a strategy of attrition that culminated in a prolonged battle at the French city of ________________.

Verdun

300

German "lightning war" is also known as what?

Blitzkrieg

300

In early 1954, French forces in Vietnam sought a decisive battle with Viet Minh revolutionaries at ________________. The French garrison was overran and nearly 10,000 French troops were captured. The war ended shortly afterwards with the 1954 Geneva Accords, dividing Vietnam at the 17th Parallel.

Dien Bien Phu

400

This role of air power is also known as bombing. It is enabled by control of the air and good intelligence, and is composed of three forms: tactical bombing, interdiction, and strategic bombing.

Attack

400

In 1862, the Confederacy, under pressure for international recognition and to score a decisive victory, invaded Maryland. This Maryland Campaign culminated in the Battle of _____________, also known as Sharpsburg by the Confederates.

Antietam

400

These German units consisted of highly experienced and elite soldiers who specialized in infiltration/trench clearing tactics. Most met their demise in the 1918 German offensive.

Storm troopers

400

In late May 1940, the German Wehrmacht advanced to the English Channel, cutting off nearly 370,000 French and British soldiers. Taking advantages of German halt orders, a frantic evacuation took place at ______________, allowing Britain to fight on in the war.

Dunkirk

400

This gradual, sustained U.S. air campaign, began in March 1965 and ended in November 1968. The campaign sought not only to halt the flow of supplies from North Vietnam into the South, but also sought to bring the North Vietnamese to the negotiating table. 

Rolling Thunder

500

A UH-1 Huey helicopter in Vietnam moving U.S. and South Vietnamese troops so they can engage in "search and destroy" missions best aligns with what role of airpower?

Mobility

500
Name one piece of technology that Helmut von Moltke and the Prussian General Staff identified as revolutionary and had the potential to give their military an advantage over their adversaries.

Railroad or Needleguun

500

By 1917, the development of new offensive tactics could be negated by a ___________________, which inflicted heavy losses on the attacker and increased in density as the attacker advanced deeper into the system.

Defense in depth

500

This German city was the target of two bombing raids by the Allies in 1943. The first raid occurred in tandem with another raid on Regensburg, resulting in a loss of 60 B-17s. The second raid (also known as Black Thursday) occurred in October and resulted in another 60 B-17s lost.

Schweinfurt

500

Led by Robin Olds during the Vietnam War, this operation disguised F-4 Phantoms as F-105 Thunderchiefs to draw the enemy MiGs into battle and resulted in air superiority for the United States Air Force.

Operation Bolo

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