Key Terms 1
Key Terms 2
Key Terms 3
Mitosis
Meiosis
100

reproduction that produces genetically identical offspring that requires only one parent

what is asexual reproduction?

100

reproduction that produces genetically different offspring and requires two parents

what is sexual reproduction?

100

a cell with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell

what is a haploid?

100

the phase in which spindle fibres form and guide chromosomes to the centre of the cell

what is metaphase?

100

the phase in which the cell's nuclear membrane begins to disappear and the DNA exists as chromosomes

what is prophase 2?

200

stores the genetic information of an organism 

what is DNA?

200

genetic material that is a condensed form of DNA 

what is a chromosome?

200

a cell with a complete set of chromosomes

what is a diploid?

200

the phase in which a cell grows, increases the amount of organelles it has, and copies its DNA

what is interphase?

200

the phase in which homologous chromosome pairs are separated at each end of the cell

what is anaphase 1?

300

what process describes the entire life span of a cell?

what is the cell cycle?

300

a type of asexual reproduction where a cell splits to produce two genetically identical daughter cells 

what is binary fission?

300

the combining of male and female reproductive cells

what is fertilization?

300

the phase in which the copies of DNA are separated to either end of the cell

what is anaphase?

300

the phase in which four nuclei form and divide into four new cells

what is telophase 2?

400

a type of asexual reproduction that includes the development of an outgrowth or bud, from a parent cell

what is budding?

400

asexual reproduction of a plant from a portion of its roots, stems, or leaves

what is vegetative propagation?

400

male or female reproductive cell

what is a gamete?

400

the phase in which the cytoplasm and organelles are divided to form two separate cells 

what is cytokinesis?

400

the phase in which spindle fibres guide the homologous chromosome pairs to line up at the middle of the cell

what is metaphase 1?

500

fungi and other plant organisms have this reproductive unit used for asexual reproduction (hint: it comes from sporangium)

what is a spore?

500

the exchange of genetics between homologous chromosomes of which results in genetic variations in offspring

what is a crossing over?

500

the cell produced when the nuclei of two gametes combine; the fertilized egg during sexual reproduction

what is a zygote?

500
the phase in which the cell's nuclear membrane disappears and its DNA condenses into duplicated chromosomes

what is prophase?

500

the phase in which a cell's nuclear membrane disappears and its DNA condenses into duplicated chromosomes, further matching up with their homologous pairs

what is prophase 1?

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