DEFINITIONS
STROKES
CVA
TIA
FAST
100

Dysphagia

Difficulty in swallowing

100

What does CVA stand for?

Cerebral Vascular Accident

100

What is NOT a warning sign of a stroke:

Weakness

Dizziness

Headache

Vision Issues

Trouble Speaking

Sweating

Sweating

Box 37-3 lists all the warning signs of a stroke in the text book page 859

100

TRUE or FALSE: it is important to make sure to swallowing assessment post-stroke to determine if there is any issues with dysphagia. 

Bonus points: who from the health care team completes this assessment?

TRUE: we need to make sure we identify any changes from baseline.

SLP would complete this assessment! 

100

Name one UN-controllable risk factor of a stroke

Age, gender, race, genetics

200

Dysphasia

Difficulty with speaking/language

200

What does TIA stand for?

Transient Ischemic Attack

200

True or False: depending on the location of the stroke, this will determine the loss of function in the person

TRUE: location matters. Depending on which area of the brain is affected, this will determine which functions the person will experience a deficit in.  

200

Who from the health care team would assess a post-stroke patients mobility?

Physiotherapist

200

Name a controllable risk factor of a stroke:

diet and exercise

blood pressure

cholestrol

alcohol intake

300

Aphasia

Difficulty in remembering/recall

300

What is a TIA?

Temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain with no permanent damage

A TIA can indicate that a stroke may be on the horizon

300

What is HEMIPLEGIA?

paralysis on one side of the body

300

After a stroke, this member of the team would help carry out exercises such as passive and active ROM activities to help improve strength as directed from the PT

Occupational Therapy

300

What type of mood changes can we expect to see in someone who has had a stroke?

Sometimes moods are exaggerated/inappropriate. Outbursts of anger, moaning, laughing, crying for no reason can occur (page 859)

400

Apraxia

Unable to make some motor movements (including regarding speech) 
400

Which gender has a higher risk of stroke?

Males: have a slightly higher risk for strokes that women

400

Name the two types of stroke

Ischemic and Hemmorhagic

400

Why is skin care important after a stroke?

Incontinence: some patients may have changes in bladder and bowel function and may require more support with their ADLS surrounding elimination and hygiene. In addition, their ability to move around, shift their weight and get off pressure points could be diminished and therefore we as PSWs need to assist with this. 

400

True or false: after a stroke, clients may forget how to do tasks they have previously learned how to complete and need to re-learn common everyday ADLs

TRUE! this is part of the rehabilitation process and something a PSW would be a part of! 

500
Dysarthia

Slurring speech

500

At which age group do strokes affect people the most?

65 and older

500

What is one common mental health concern that can affect someone after a stroke?

Depression (page 859) 

500

Name a risk factor of a stroke:

age, gender, increased blood pressure, increased cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, high alcohol intake

500

TRUE or FALSE: We always wait a little while to make sure the client is comfortable and ready to begin the rehabilitation process

FALSE! The sooner the better. The more intervention and the faster intervention can occur, will increase the likelihood of a patient regaining more function and getting closer to their original baseline. Testing will begin ASAP (ROM, mobility, cognitive function swallowing assessment, mood assessment etc.) and from there, the care plan will be created and carried out as quickly as we can make it happen! 

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