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100

the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace

Mecca or Makkah

100

An English queen, daughter of King Henry and Catherine, who strongly opposed Protestantism and burned over 300 Protestants at the stak

Bloody Mary

100

Chief military commander in Japan

Shogun

100

Started the Anglican Church because he wasn't granted a divorce and was excommunicated by the Pope

King Henry VIII

100

could own land and buy freedom

Aztec Slaves

200

English Queen and politique who united Protestants and Catholics through compromise

Elizabeth I

200

The most important church in Constantinople, built by Justinian

Hagia Sophia

200

The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Catholic faith through indigenous conversions.

Spanish Colonization 

200

led two successful invasions of France, cheering his outnumbered troops to victory at the 1415 Battle of Agincourt and eventually securing full control of the French throne.

Henry V

200

A Japanese religion whose followers believe that all things in the natural world are filled with divine spirits

Shinto

300

Religious community where Christians called monks gave up their possessions and devoted their lives to serving Go

Monasteries 

300

An instrument used to measure air pressure

Barometer

300

Everyday language of ordinary people

Vernacular

300

Largest land empire in the history of the world, spanning from Eastern Europe across Asia, founded by Genghis Khan

Mongol Empire

300

disease spread from Asia to Europe through trade

Black Death/Bubonic Plague

400

the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215 at Runnymede,

Magna Carta

400

A Chinese philosopher known also as Kong Fuzi and created one of the most influential philosophies in Chinese history

Confucius

400

The two most important inventions from the Scientific Revolution one sees things far away and one sees things close up

Telescope and microscope

400

happened because of the need of merchants to secure funds at distant trade centers, especially between Rome and Antwerp

Growth of Banking

400

The eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived after the fall of the Western Empire, and its capital was Constantinople, named after the Emperor Constantine

Byzantine Empire

500

A member of a caste among the people of Western Africa who kept an oral history of their tribe

Griot

500

Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.

Jesuits

500

Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world. or at least his crew did

Ferdinand Magellan
500

The epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of Western Europe

The Black Death

500

"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome

Renaissance

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