Definitions
Vocabulary
Signal Words
Passages
Mystery Category
100
What makes something happen
What is cause?
100
The author lists one or more causes and the resulting effects
What is cause and effect?
100
For example. specifically, for instance, in addition
What is description?
100

When I got home from school after a long day, I decided to make myself a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. First, I took the peanut butter out of the cabinet and spread it on one side of the bread. Then, I took the jelly out of the refrigerator and spread it on the other slice of bread. After I put the two pieces of bread together, I finally sat down on the couch to eat and watch Spongebob Squarepants.

What is sequence?

100

The number of text structure types

What is six?

200
The result of something happening
What is effect?
200
The author explains how two or more things are alike and how they are different
What is compare and contrast?
200
First, second, next, then, last, before, finally
What is sequence?
200

Chimpanzees and humans are alike in many ways. A baby chimp laughs when its mother tickles it. After chimpanzees fight, they kiss and make up. When one chimpanzee comforts another, it gives it a hug or pat on the back. Humans interact with each other in these ways as well. There are, of course, many ways that chimpanzees and humans are different. Chimpanzees are smaller and stronger than humans. An adult male chimpanzee stands three or four feet tall and weighs about 100 pounds, yet a chimpanzee can lift more weight than a man who is six feet tall.

What is compare and contrast?

200

Another word that may be used in place of sequence that shares a similar meaning

What is chronological?

300

The particular order of related events 

What is chronological?

300
Adjectives such as size, color, traits, and characteristics are used in this text structure type
What is description?
300
Similar, alike, both, different, unlike, on the other hand
What is compare and contrast?
300

All wild chimpanzees live in Africa. They live mostly in thick rain forests and in woodlands. There are two types, or species, of chimpanzees- the common chimanzee and the bonobo, also known as the pygmy chimpanzee.

What is description?

300
A graphic organizer that would be used for compare and contrast
What is a Venn Diagram?
400
A dilemma or issue and what can be done to solve it
What is problem and solution?
400
I spilled a glass of milk all over the floor, therefore I used a sponge and paper towels to clean it up.
What is problem and solution?
400

Problem, because of, due to, issue, leads to, as a result

What is problem and solution?

400

Wild chimpanzees are rapidly disappearing. If this continues, chimpanzees may one day exist only in zoos. People are trying to save the rainforests and woodlands where the chimps live from being cut down. If people work together, this may be helpful and the chimps may continue to thrive in the wild.

What is problem and solution?

400

The six text structure types

What is description, cause and effect, problem and solution, compare and contrast, sequence, and chronological?

500
Provides details and characteristics of something
What is description?
500
To make my sister's favorite dessert, I must first mix a cup of flour with butter and two eggs. Then, I must add sugar and vanilla.
What is sequence?
500

Since, because, due to, if, so, as a result of, then, consequently

What is cause and effect?

500

Sally's mom forgot to set her alarm before she went to bed on Monday night. When she woke up on Tuesday morning, her clock read 9:00 AM. Sally's school started at 7:45 AM and she was worried that Sally was going to miss her important math test. Sally's mom quickly drove her to school, but by the time they got there, the test was already over. Because she missed class, Sally got a zero on her math test.

What is cause and effect?

500

Soccer is a game that has been played for numerous years. In fact, many people believe that it began in England over 800 years ago. About 200 years ago, in the early 1800s, boys in England played a sport like soccer. but they called it football. However, each school made up their own rules. In 1863, a group of players met and wrote official rules for soccer. Soccer started spreading to other countries. In 1904, an international group called FIFA formed to make sure that every team around the world followed the same soccer rules. Today, soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world.

What is chronological?

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