Causes of the Depression
Americans Suffer
Two Presidents Respond
Early FDR Depression Programs
New Deal, Etc.
100

Period lasting from 1929-1941 when the economy faltered and unemployment soared

The Great Depression

100

Makeshift shantytowns set up by homeless people

Hoovervilles

100

Programs and laws pushed during the Great Depression to promote economic recovery and social reform

The New Deal

100

Insured bank deposits up to $5,000 (now $250,000)

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)


100

Dam on the Colorado River built during Great Depression

Hoover Dam

200

The collapse of the stock market on October 29, 1929

Black Tuesday

200

Historic drought and dust storms in the Great Plains that destroyed farmlands

The Dust Bowl

200

Republican president who resisted using federal resources to provide direct relief to individuals

Herbert Hoover

200

Regulated stock market and made it safer for investments

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

200

This law established a pension system for retirees

Social Security Act

300

What percentage of the American population was unemployed by 1933?

25%

300

Long lines to get food handouts

Bread lines

300

Democratic president who believed that the federal government needed to play an active role in promoting recovery and providing relief to Americans

Franklin D. Roosevelt

300

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

Environmental conservation projects that provided jobs for 2 million+ young men

300

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

Built or improved highways, dredged rivers and harbors, and promoted soil and water conservation

400

What were the high stock prices of the 1920s based on?

Confidence

400

Working for bigger landowners rather for themselves

Tenant farmers

400

Theory that money poured into the top of economic pyramid will trickle down to the base

Trickle-down economics

400

National Recovery Administration (NRA)

Increased wages and price of goods so companies could make a profit

400

Photographer known for taking pictures of struggling Americans during the Great Depression

Dorothea Lange

500

High-risk investments in hopes of making a huge profit

Speculation

500

Efforts by officials to encourage or coerce immigrants to return to their country of origin

Repatriation

500

Policy where problems could best be solved at local/state levels

Localism

500

Public Works Administration (PWA)

Improved nation’s infrastructure and created millions of jobs

500

Two effects of the New Deal

Expanded power of the president; Expanded size of the government; More active government in Americans' lives; Gave relief to millions of desperate Americans; Strengthened financial institutions; Create the welfare state; African Americans changed political allegiance from Republicans to Democrats

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