Terminology
Atlantic Hurricanes
Effects and Records
Pacific Typhoons
Tracking
100

The scale that is used for measuring wind speeds in tropical cyclones, and categorises each based off of wind speed

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale

100

This Category 5 Hurricane is known to have ravaged New Orleans and became one of the worst natural disasters in U.S. history

Hurricane Katrina (2005)

100

The motion of the oceans wave height significantly increasing in response to a Cyclone’s wind and air pressure, is often the most destructive effect of a storm

Storm Surge

100

This massive sized typhoon smashed Japan in 2019, known to have caused around 18 trillion yen in damages and is the most destructive typhoon in the Pacific thus far (2022)

Typhoon Hagibis (2019)

100

The division of the United States’ National Weather Service, located in Miami, that is responsible for predicting and tracking hurricanes

National Hurricane Centre

200

This unit of measurement is typically used to measure atmospheric pressure, an indicator of storm strength

Millibars

200

This hurricane is known to have decimated the U.S. East Coast and gained the denomination, “Superstorm”

Hurricane Sandy (2012)

200

This Pacific Typhoon became the largest in size, and lowest in pressure, on record in October 1979

Typhoon Tip (Warling)

200

The deadliest typhoon in recent history, known to have caused over 8,000 deaths in the Philippines after making one of the strongest storm landfalls in recorded history

Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)(2013)

200

The U.S. military airforce division that is well known for flying into the eyes of hurricanes

Hurricane Hunters

300

This corridor of warm water in the Atlantic Ocean leading from West Africa to The Yucatan in Mexico, is known for its high abundance of strong storms

Hurricane Alley (Intertropical Convergence Zone)

300

This incredibly destructive hurricane topped the global Google search results in 2017

Hurricane Irma (2017)

300

The longest lived tropical cyclone, known for having an 11,000km track throughout the North Pacific Ocean

Hurricane/Typhoon John

300

This category 1 typhoon was the deadliest known in Taiwan, after causing a landslide that destroyed an entire mountainside village and its inhabitants, and  caused the most extreme flooding event in Taiwan

Typhoon Morakot (Kiko)(2009)

300

This computer model is used to help aid in predicting potential future storms

Global Forecast System (GFS)

400

This term is used to denote the creation of new and potential tropical storms

Tropical Cyclogenisis 

400

The deadliest hurricane in recent history, known to have caused catastrophic destruction in Central America

Hurricane Mitch (1998)

400

This tropical cyclone is the wettest on record, known to have dumped over 5 meters of rain over the course of two weeks in Reunion during January 1980

Cyclone Hyacinthe

400

This typhoon unexpectedly crossed into the Indian ocean in 1989 and reeked havoc in both Thailand and India after making two consecutive, powerful landfalls

Typhoon Gay (1989)(Kavali Cyclone in India)

400

This Asian island country's national weather service is known to give local names to typhoons that approach it’s home country, even if the same typhoon has a different, international name

PAGASA 

(Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration)

500

The atmospheric repetitive variable that is known to affect tropical cyclone development in a 30 to 90 day cycle

Madden-Julian Oscillation

500

This unusual Category 4 hurricane shared its name with a specific variation of the COVID-19 virus

Hurricane Delta (2020)

500

The country that experienced the deadliest Tropical Cyclone, the Bhola Cyclone, that killed 500,000 in November 1970

East Pakistan

500

This super-typhoon struck the Philippines on Christmas Day in 2016

Typhoon Nock-ten (Nina)(2016)

500

This Atmospheric effect caused by the Earths rotation is known to dictate the tracks of most tropical cyclones

Coriolis effect

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