Week 1
Mesopotamia and Egypt
The Indus and Yellow river
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
100

The long period of time before the invention of writing

Prehistory

100

During Egypt’s Old Kingdom, pyramids were built to 

  1. Honor great military achievements

  2. Provide everything a pharaoh needed in the afterlife

  3. Serve as early astronomy laboratories 

  4. Provide a place for daily worship

Provide everything a pharaoh needed in the afterlife

100

A region named for its rich soils and wheat fields

Fertile Crescent

100

How did geography help shape Greek civilization?

  1. People settled along fertile river valleys

  2. Mountains and islands led to smaller, isolated communities

  3. People moved inland where farming was common

  4. People settled mainly along the coasts

Mountains and islands led to smaller, isolated communities

100

Which geographic factor supported Italy’s growth?

  1. Italy’s great stability

  2. Italy’s many fertile plains

  3. Italy’s rugged mountains

  4. European migration to Rome

Italy’s many fertile plain

200

Artifacts play a key role in the study of

  1. Ancient plants and animals

  2. How ancient peoples lived

  3. Ancient forgeries

  4. Human physical traits

How ancient peoples lived

200

 Most people in ancient Egypt were 

  1. Laborers

  2. Warriors

  3. Farmers

  4. Slaves

Farmers

200

Chinese rulers claimed the Mandate of Heaven, or

  1. The divine right to rule

  2. Support from local lords

  3. The dynastic cycle

  4. The right to pray to many gods

The divine right to rule

200

Alexander’s career as a conqueror came to a halt  

  1. When his army was defeated by an Indian army

  2. When he died at the early age of 32

  3. When he was assassinated at a wedding

  4. Because three generals divided up his empire

When he died at the early age of 32

200

To which civilization did Roman culture owe the greatest debt?

  1. Greek

  2. Egyptian

  3. Babylonian

  4. Sumerian

Greek

300

The Neolithic Revolution describes the transition from 

  1. Nomadic life to settled farming 

  2. Stone to metal tools

  3. Africa to Asia and Europe

  4. Settled farming to nomadic life

Nomadic life to settled farming

300

Sumerian scribes wrote wedge-shaped marks on 

  1. Clay tablets

  2. Pictographs

  3. Papyrus scrolls

  4. Temple walls and ceilings

Clay tablets

300
Groups of families called ______ claim a common ancestor

Clans

300

The subject of the Odyssey

  1. Heroic deeds of Odysseus in the Trojan war

  2. Kidnapping of Helen of Troy by Odysseus

  3. Famous friendship of Odysseus and Achilles

  4. Struggles of Odysseus to return home after the war

Struggles of Odysseus to return home after the war

300

A martyr is...

a person who suffers and dies for his or her beliefs

400

A ziggurat is...

In ancient Mesopotamia, a large, stepped platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to the city’s chief god or goddess

400

A papyrus is...

a writing material made from a river plant

400

A notable feature of the Indus Valley civilization was is

  1. Cuneiform writing

  2. Large, well-planned cities

  3. Nomadic way of life

  4. Rigid society based on wealth

Large, well-planned cities

400

 a Greek city-state

Polis

400

Which was a major factor in the decline of Rome?

  1. Numerous attacks on Rome by mercenaries

  2. Drastic rise in population

  3. The fall of income tax

  4. The division of the empire

The division of the empire

500

The earliest civilizations to develop were

  1. Simple, with traditional economies

  2. Established on the mediterranean sea

  3. Located near major rivers

  4. Large and powerful

Located near major rivers

500

Hammurabi’s Code addressed both

  1. Egyptian and Babylonian law

  2. Irrigation and religious practices

  3. Civil and criminal law

  4. Military justice and prisoner treatment

500

a system of government in which local lords owe support to the ruler

Feudalism

500

What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War?

  1. Athenians resented Spartan domination

  2. Spartans resented Athenian domination

  3. Sparta and Persia formed an alliance to defeat Athens

  4. Macedonia attacked the Greek city-states

Spartans resented Athenian domination

500

What is the Parthenon?


 a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena

Click to zoom