Week 1
Mesopotamia and Egypt
The Indus and Yellow river
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome

The long period of time before the invention of writing



During Egypt’s Old Kingdom, pyramids were built to 

  1. Honor great military achievements

  2. Provide everything a pharaoh needed in the afterlife

  3. Serve as early astronomy laboratories 

  4. Provide a place for daily worship

Provide everything a pharaoh needed in the afterlife


A region named for its rich soils and wheat fields

Fertile Crescent


How did geography help shape Greek civilization?

  1. People settled along fertile river valleys

  2. Mountains and islands led to smaller, isolated communities

  3. People moved inland where farming was common

  4. People settled mainly along the coasts

Mountains and islands led to smaller, isolated communities


Which geographic factor supported Italy’s growth?

  1. Italy’s great stability

  2. Italy’s many fertile plains

  3. Italy’s rugged mountains

  4. European migration to Rome

Italy’s many fertile plain


Artifacts play a key role in the study of

  1. Ancient plants and animals

  2. How ancient peoples lived

  3. Ancient forgeries

  4. Human physical traits

How ancient peoples lived


 Most people in ancient Egypt were 

  1. Laborers

  2. Warriors

  3. Farmers

  4. Slaves



Chinese rulers claimed the Mandate of Heaven, or

  1. The divine right to rule

  2. Support from local lords

  3. The dynastic cycle

  4. The right to pray to many gods

The divine right to rule


Alexander’s career as a conqueror came to a halt  

  1. When his army was defeated by an Indian army

  2. When he died at the early age of 32

  3. When he was assassinated at a wedding

  4. Because three generals divided up his empire

When he died at the early age of 32


To which civilization did Roman culture owe the greatest debt?

  1. Greek

  2. Egyptian

  3. Babylonian

  4. Sumerian



The Neolithic Revolution describes the transition from 

  1. Nomadic life to settled farming 

  2. Stone to metal tools

  3. Africa to Asia and Europe

  4. Settled farming to nomadic life

Nomadic life to settled farming


Sumerian scribes wrote wedge-shaped marks on 

  1. Clay tablets

  2. Pictographs

  3. Papyrus scrolls

  4. Temple walls and ceilings

Clay tablets

Groups of families called ______ claim a common ancestor



The subject of the Odyssey

  1. Heroic deeds of Odysseus in the Trojan war

  2. Kidnapping of Helen of Troy by Odysseus

  3. Famous friendship of Odysseus and Achilles

  4. Struggles of Odysseus to return home after the war

Struggles of Odysseus to return home after the war


A martyr is...

a person who suffers and dies for his or her beliefs


A ziggurat is...

In ancient Mesopotamia, a large, stepped platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to the city’s chief god or goddess


A papyrus is...

a writing material made from a river plant


A notable feature of the Indus Valley civilization was is

  1. Cuneiform writing

  2. Large, well-planned cities

  3. Nomadic way of life

  4. Rigid society based on wealth

Large, well-planned cities


 a Greek city-state



Which was a major factor in the decline of Rome?

  1. Numerous attacks on Rome by mercenaries

  2. Drastic rise in population

  3. The fall of income tax

  4. The division of the empire

The division of the empire


The earliest civilizations to develop were

  1. Simple, with traditional economies

  2. Established on the mediterranean sea

  3. Located near major rivers

  4. Large and powerful

Located near major rivers


Hammurabi’s Code addressed both

  1. Egyptian and Babylonian law

  2. Irrigation and religious practices

  3. Civil and criminal law

  4. Military justice and prisoner treatment


a system of government in which local lords owe support to the ruler



What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War?

  1. Athenians resented Spartan domination

  2. Spartans resented Athenian domination

  3. Sparta and Persia formed an alliance to defeat Athens

  4. Macedonia attacked the Greek city-states

Spartans resented Athenian domination


What is the Parthenon?

 a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena

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