Rhetorical Devices
Structure of an Argument
Aristotle's tactics
Realistic Short Stories
Howard Rules You Should Know
100

placing contrasting ideas or things side by side to show how they are alike or different (Example: a preserved historic building among modern skyscrapers)

What is juxtaposition?

100

the position a writer presents and defends

What is a claim?

100

must be reasonable, has good reasons and evidence

What is logos?

100

to tell a true-to-life story

What is the author's purpose in a realistic short story?

100

First 5, last 5

When can you NOT leave class to go to the bathroom?

200

a question with a seemingly obvious answer

What is a rhetorical question?

200

opposing views the writer discusses and disproves

What are counterarguments?

200

ethical appeal

What is ethos?

200

a theme that is stated directly by the narrator or a character

What is an explicit theme?

200

no phones, no headphones, no food, no water, no talking, be respectful, keep your head off the table and all four legs of the chair on the floor!

What are the rules for Library Day?

300

language which plays on readers’ emotions

What is loaded language?

300

information that supports the claim and shows that it is right or true

What are the reasons and/or evidence?

300

If the audience feels the same way as the speaker, they may be likely to agree.

What is pathos?

300

a message or insight about life that an author develops through the interactions of characters, events, and other details in a story

What is the theme?

300

These are two ways that you must never travel from the first to the second floor of the school, except for under special circumstances

What are the back halls and the elevator?

400

traces how an event or a solution can have different
effects; shows important connections between reasons and results.

What is a cause and effect analysis?

400

intended readers

What is the target audience?

400

logical appeal

What is logos?

400

exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution

What is plot? (or parts of a plot map?)

400

no more than FIVE days past the due date

How long are you able to turn in late homework?

500

language that shows mistaken or faulty reasoning

What is logical fallacy?

500

true stories that illustrate ideas

What are anecdotes?

500

emotional appeal

What is pathos?

500

a theme that is not stated directly, the reader must analyze details in the text and consider how they connect to create a deeper meaning

What is an implicit theme?

500

never be in the halls without wearing one of these...

What is a badge?

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